whose characteristics are used to describe the characteristics of a larger group in which the case study is a subgroup. It includes a concise but thorough account of the facts of the situation and expert commentary to help the audience understand the causes of the problem, the forces behind the solution, the outcomes of implementation, lessons learned, and connections to theories, concepts, policies, and … In collecting the data, classroom observation and interview were conducted. It cannot draw conclusions from that data about which way the relationship goes — Does A cause B, or does B cause A? The research process is unstructured in exploratory research. That is why we can distinguish two main categories in this method – naturalistic and laboratory observation. Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. Here, at ACaseStudy.com, we deliver professionally written papers, and the best grades for you from your professors are guaranteed! Step 4. It is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one easily researchable topic. Descriptive Research: Assessing the Current State of Affairs. These biases can lead to misrepresenting participants’ descriptions. Don’t forget to state a clear aim, a practical reason for the importance of your study. A case series (also known as a clinical series) is a type of medical research study that tracks subjects with a known exposure, such as patients who have received a similar treatment, or examines their medical records for exposure and outcome. We compare two or more things to get a result. It can help you a lot and no matter what type of descriptive research you will choose. The “event” is understood as an integrated system in operation, why it requires an analysis that gets interpret and reconstruct the system. Descriptive research is a research methodology you can use to describe the characteristics of the variables that you are studying, such as events, organizations, individuals, etc. An empirical inquiry that: One case report study led to the eventual discovery of HIV. Tolson, Fleming, & Schartau Copyright © 1995-2020 Psych Central. In addition to the methods listed above some individuals also include qualitative (as a distinct method) and archival methods when discussing descriptive research methods. Jamie Hale, MS., is a researcher specializing in eating behavior, cognitive science (various aspects) and scientific reasoning. Welcome to the world of case studies that can bring you high grades! Odds of being exposed among the cases = a/c . We don't use these types of studies to apply to the general populat… Because the longer research is, the more questions you will get, and id it is too short, you will not open the topic. Yin (1984:23) defines the case study research method “as an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context; when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident; and in which multiple sources of evidence are used.”. Example: “Impact of increasing levels of multiculturalism on marketing practices: A case study of McDonald’s Indonesia.” A descriptive case report study is a detailed profile of a subject or set of subjects and their clinical or laboratory experience. They are often the first step or initial enquiry into a new topic, event, disease or condition. These questions can be answered on an individual basis, as a community, or as a population. This study was a descriptive qualitative research and conducted in SD Suta Dharma Denpasar Bali. And sadly, but in many studies, researchers forget this fundamental thing and start suggesting and demonstrating own thoughts without any scientific background. After participants of the survey answer them, you, as a researcher, have to describe all answers. A descriptive case study is a story about a real world situation facing people or groups and how they addressed it. Section for Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital Mahidol University August 2014 Population of patients with condition of interest … With the observational method (sometimes referred to as field observation) animal and human behavior is closely observed. A case study involves a formal research method to carry out the research. When is it useful 3. Empirical inquiry is the backbone of a case study whereas statistical calculation is the backbone of descriptive approach. Descriptive research methods. [email protected] 804-506-0782 350 5th Ave, New York, NY 10118, USA. This method leads us to study rare phenomena or already testable hypothesis which all can lead to making accurate predictions.Also, this method has serious problems – expectancy effects and atypical individuals. This is my fourth blog in the series. Learn more. Psychologists use descriptive, experimental, and correlational methods to conduct research. Using the outcomes obtained from the case study research hypothesis can be established, which can be used to expand the horizons of research. A case study can be used to describe the characteristics of a specific subject (such as a person, group, event or organization). This leads to greater ecological validity than laboratory observation, proponents say. Case studies and surveys can also be specified as popular data collection methods used with descriptive studies. Next step is important too – don’t forget to choose a case study! Case study research involves an in-depth study of an individual or group of indviduals. Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. A case study is a research strategy and an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within its real-life context. This type of research answers explicitly the “what” question instead of the “how,” “why,” and “when” questions. Expectancy effects include the experimenter’s underlying biases that might affect the actions taken while conducting research. What is a Case Study? Descriptive studies often represent the first scientific toe in the water in new areas of inquiry. The “event” is understood as an integrated system in operation, why it requires an analysis that gets interpret and reconstruct the system. Pose yourself several questions to make it clear. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods. In this case, descriptive theory was used to examine the depth and scope of This is a form of descriptive learning that uses one or more occurrences of … Let’s start with definition. Advantages and disadvantages can be found with each type: Open-ended questions allow for a greater variety of responses from participants but are difficult to analyze statistically because the data must be coded or reduced in some manner. First of all, you need to understand for yourself what, how and why you need to study. Case studies lead to a hypothesis and widen a further scope of studying a phenomenon. This section reviews three types of descriptive research: case studies, surveys, and … A case study is more of a research strategy whereas descriptive approach is not looked upon as a research strategy but as a part of research. He is a member of the World Martial Arts Hall of Fame (recognition of my strength and conditioning work with martial artists), college instructor, learning / memory consultant and board member of Kentucky Council Against Health Fraud. it is used to describe systematically and accurately the facts and characteristics of a given population or area of interest; to portray the characteristics of persons, situations, or groups and the frequency with which certain phenomenon occurs; to discover associations or relationships between or among selected variables; to answer questions based on the ongoing events of the present. A descriptive case report study is a detailed profile of a subject or set of subjects and their clinical or laboratory experience. Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. 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