Albizia lebbek III-4 2 Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse – 43. 539 pp. The gray, cork-like bark is fissured and somewhat flaky. The seeds are relatively large. Krauss U, 2012. Albizia lebbeck is a deciduous, unarmed tree to 98.5 ft (30 m) tall, with a rounded, spreading crown and with grey fissured corky bark. Hocking (1993) reports 7000-12,000 seeds/kg while Lowry et al. Brisbane, Australia: CSIRO, DPI&F, CIAT, ILRI.http://www.tropicalforages.info/, Cowan RS, 2017. > 10°C, Cold average temp. In Australia, the mean maximum of the hottest month is 30-35°C and the mean minimum of the coolest month is 19-31°C (Doran and Turnbull, 1997). Catalogue of the vascular plants of Madagascar. This species is not Rhizobium specific and naturalized forms will produce nodules easily (Lowry et al., 1994). [ed. Morgantown, WV: Commune-Tech Associates. A taxonomic study of Albizia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae: Ingeae) in Mexico and Central America Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 65: 255-305. This is an excellent fuel-wood and charcoal species. Its uses include environmental management, forage, medicine and wood.It is cultivated as a shade tree in North and South America. An interactive identification system. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 6:43-44, Henderson L, 2001. SO-82:i + 12 pp. The most popular color? 109-Year-Old Veteran and His Secrets to Life Will Make You Smile | Short Film Showcase - Duration: 12:39. Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Cape Town, South Africa: Paarl Printers, Hocking D, ed. Plant invaders: the threat to natural ecosystems. The species is commonly grown as a shade tree in coffee and tea gardens and along avenues (Everist, 1969). During the last two centuries A. lebbeck has been widely introduced throughout the seasonally dry tropics of Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and South America, mainly as an ornamental and plantation tree, and has become naturalized in many places (Lowry et al., 1994; Parrotta, 2002). I. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); flowers. Although it is native to Australia, it is spreading southward and becoming more common in southeast Queensland where it is now regarded as an environmental weed by some local authorities. There are also natural populations in Australia occurring in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, the extreme north of the Northern Territory and far northern Queensland (i.e. 5, February 1988, 3. Fusarium solani [Haematonectria haematococca] causes greyish-black cankers and a severe infection will cause drying of the crown in 15-20 year-old trees in India (Bakshi, 1976). by Randall R P]. The species has sometimes been spelt in the literature as 'lebbek'. Common fuelwood crops. The shallow root system makes it a good soil binder and recommendable for soil conservation and erosion control (DFSC, 2000). Indian Journal of Forestry, 5(4):290-297; 18 ref, Tripathi RM, Sen PC, Das PK, 1979. Years 1999-2015. The flowers and stem bark are used to make medicine. stem heartwood of Albizia lebbeck benth (A) T.S showing large vessels surrounded by wood parenchyma, wood fibers and three biseriate medullary rays, Wood parenchyma and a (B) biseriate medullary rays, (C) Medullary rays and vessel filled with redish brown content, (D) Prismatic crystals along with crystal fibers (E) Wageningen, Netherland: Plant Research International, 82 pp. In India, it is found in tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous forests in areas with a mean rainfall of 600 to 2500 mm (Troup and Joshi, 1983). Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service, Hegde NG, Relwani LL, 1988. Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Particulars and Photographs. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); fallen seedpods. by Vozzo JA]. [9], The taxonomic history of A. lebbeck is somewhat convoluted. Version 4. on degraded lands. Seedlings and saplings can be pulled out by hand or dug out, while larger, established trees are difficult to remove and must be cut and treated with herbicide (GISD, 2016; PIER, 2016). Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics., viii + 384 pp. 75-83. In Australia, the distribution is in the hot humid climatic zone. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Panama, 2016. 3/06 Albizia lebbek, widely known by its Hindi name, siris, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to the Indian subcon-tinent and Myanmar (Burma). In: Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. It is cultivated as a shade tree in North and South America. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Desertification of western Maharashtra: causes and possible solutions. USA: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.http://www.fleppc.org/list/list.htm, Flora Mesoamericana, 2016. Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk, 1962; Tripathi et al., 1979; Ganguli and Bhatt, 1993). Journal of Soils and Crops, 5(2):166-168; 5 ref, Ganguli NB, Bhatt RM, 1993. In the US state of Tennessee the species was apparently previously included on the state’s invasive exotic pest plant list in 1999 (Randall, 2012) but it has since been removed and is not on the most recent list (TN-EPPC, 2009). In India, flowering occurs mainly from March to May, and fruits grow to their full size from August to October (Troup and Joshi, 1983). It is also found on the banks of streams on riverine sites (Beard, 1979), and on stabilized dunes or low lateritic ledges above the beach (Brock, 1988). ACIAR Working Paper No. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa, [ed. (1992). February 2007. and Canarium australianum. Air layering Albizia lebbeck and Dalbergia sissoo with the aid of indole butyric acid. The leaves are bipinnate, 7.5–15 cm long, with one to four pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 6–18 leaflets. Invasive plant species. The potential threat of invasive tree species in Botswana. Lowry, J.B.; Prinsen, J.H. New Delhi India, 400 pp, Bandara PDMGD, 1987. FAO of the United Nations and Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, 110-111, Macdonald IAW, Reaser JK, Bright C, Neville LE, Howard GW, Murphy SJ, Preston G, 2003. Soil types include laterite and shallow sandy soils. Important members of the Myrtaceae, Leguminosae, Verbenaceae and Meliaceae., xii + 51pp. (Base de dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora)., Florianópolis - SC, Brazil: I3N Brasil, Instituto Hórus de Desenvolvimento e Conservação Ambiental. University of Florida Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. In Sudan, it flowers March-May and fruits May-August. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 31(2):125-129; 15 ref, Gibson IAS, 1975. Timber trees: lesser-known timbers. Controller of Publications. Silviculture of Indian trees, 22. Plant Directory: Albizia lebbeck. A manual of New Guinea legumes. I3N-Brasil, 2016. Naturalised and invasive alien plant species in the Caribbean Netherlands: status distribution, threats, priorities and recommendations. National database of exotic invasive species. It is cultivated on Pacific Islands and sometimes naturalized and invasive along roadsides and in forest patches. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2016. Further growth accompanied by flowering and good seed set occurs into the wet season. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Naturalised and invasive alien plant species in the Caribbean Netherlands: status distribution, threats, priorities and recommendations. Hanelt P, Buttner R, Mansfeld R, 2001. Fertilizer use efficiency of different tree species for higher biomass production. The effect of pre-treatment of seeds of some arid zone tree species on their germination responses. Uses Tree cultivated for shade and timber. A report for the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. It has very fragrant, white flowers with numerous stamens. Myforest, 28(1):123-128; 1 ref, Sharma JK, Bhardwaj LN, 1988. The timber of A. lebbeck is subject to borer and fungal attack while sapwood is liable to borers and termites but resistant to dry rot (Purdue University, 2017). ), a fast-growing weed tree in Florida is prized for timber, fuel and forage elsewhere. 273 pp. Corners Of Road Construction In Progress. 82 pp. In Australia, associated dominants in semi-evergreen vine forests include Adansonia gregorii and Alphitonia excelsa. Indian Journal of Forestry, 15(4):356-357; 11 ref, Saleem M, Singh DP, 1995. St Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/project/mada, Martinez M, Leon de Pinto G, Alvarez S, Gonzalez de Troconis N, Ocando E, Rivas C, 1995. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Diseases of tree legumes. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Australian tropical rain forest trees. Forage tree legumes in tropical agriculture., 292-308; 6 pp. (1994) highlighted the fact that in northern Australia the species, as well as providing stock feed directly, appears to enhance pasture production and quality, probably due to shading and related improved soil moisture status and fertility from litter breakdown. By 1933, it was recognized as invading tropical hammocks in the Florida Keys. Agricultural Science, 4: 36-38, Lowry JB, Lowry JBC, 1991. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1: 397-406, Troup RS, Joshi HB, 1983. Extracts from the seed, flowers, fruit, bark and leaves have been used medicinally (e.g. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center.http://plants.usda.gov/, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2016. Schriftenreihe der GTZ, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, German Federal Republic, Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG, 1962. The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. [ed. In: Report of a joint IMARES/CARMABI/PRI project, Wageningen, Netherland, Plant Research International. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International. Antenna (London), 19(3):106. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/IAS-present-in-SLU-May-2012-revision.pdf, Lindsay KC, Bacle JP, Thomas C, Pearson M, 2009. Albizia lebbeck - a promising forage tree for semiarid regions. Trees usually attain a maximum height of up to 18 m (Parrotta, 1988). Flowering can occur on plants as young as 10 months old (Cook et al., 2005). The Silviculture of Indian Trees. Early nitrogen fixation and utilization in Albizia lebbeck, Leucaena leucocephala, and Gliricidia sepium using nitrogen (N) labelling. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society. woman's-tongue tree. On lateritic plateaux, A. lebbeck grows with Hakea arborescens and Grevillea mimosoides in the shrub layer beneath low woodland and low open-forest. Indian Forester, 121(12):1102-1107; 4 ref, Randall, R. P., 2012. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institute.1192 pp. A. lebbeck is actively promoted, particularly in relation to agroforestry where it is regarded as having potential for use in silvopastoral systems in dry and semi-arid regions (Lowry et al., 1989). 1997 "The Potential for Tropical Agroforestry in Wood and Animal Feed Production". The corolla is 5.5-9 mm long, glabrous, cream, white or green, with numerous pale green stamens on filaments 15-30 mm long. Albizia lebbeck is a perennial, deciduous tree, native to Asia and introduced to tropical regions across the world as a shelter tree for cash crops, for erosion control, as a forage crop and as a source of hardwood. 1), 22-96. 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. Kairo, M., Ali, B., Cheesman, O., Haysom, K., Murphy, S., 2003. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Range-Management-and-Agroforestry, 15(2):199-202; 10 ref, Stevens PF, 2012. Flora of China. Gupta, 1993; Tilander et al., 1995; Larbi et al., 1996) and this has also been trialled in Thailand (Gutteridge, 1988). The Mimosa speciosa of Carl Peter Thunberg, however, is Albizia julibrissin. Flowers in the spring through summer, becoming covered in bright yellow bristle looking flowers that resemble the tip of a paintbrush and have the Forest pathology: principles and practice in forestry. Family: Fabaceae Habit: Deciduous, unarmed tree to 20 m (65 ft) tall, with a rounded, spreading crown and pale bark. A. lebbeck spreads by seed. Firewood Crops: Shrub and Tree Species for Energy Production. Root rots, cankers, heart rots, spot fungi and rusts (e.g. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. ; 24 pl. Flora of the Kimberley region. In India, it is found in areas which experience temperatures up to 49°C, but it is also found in areas which experience frost, with an absolute minimum temperature of -5°C (Hocking, 1993). ; [refs], EcoCrop, 2016. Wyndham, Western Australia. The vegetation of Australia. Biological Invasions. It has also been used in the treatment of respiratory afflictions like bronchial asthma. The leaves do not contain phenolics; however, the pods contain saponin, and in Australia are not eaten in large amounts by sheep, although cattle eat them readily (Lowry, 1991; Burrows and Prinsen, 1992; `t Mannetje and Jones, 1992). In West Bengal and Bangladesh, it is usually associated with species such as Salmalia malabarica [Bombax ceiba], Hymenodictyon excelsum [Hymenodictyon orixense] and Adina cordifolia. 4. Albizia is a genus of more than 160 species of mostly fast-growing subtropical and tropical trees and shrubs in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae. Albizia lebbeck (syn. Annual height and stem diameter growth range from 0.5-2.0 m and 1.0-2.5 cm, respectively during the first 2-5 years of growth. In semi-deciduous microphyll vine thicket on scree slopes of quartz sandstone mountains associate species include Paramygnia trimera, Celtis philippensis and Pouteria sericea (Miles et al., 1975). Indian siris (Albizia lebbeck) is regarded as an environmental weed in those parts of Queensland that are outside its probable native range. Delignification of refiner mechanical pulps from Albizia lebbek and Eucalyptus hybrid by sulphate process. Hanelt P, Buttner R, Mansfeld R, 2001. ACIAR Forestry Newsletter No. 1192 pp. The sapwood is pale yellow and distinct and the heartwood dark walnut streaked with darker bands. July 2009. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Damping off of seedlings in nurseries by Rhizoctonia solani [Thanatephorus cucumeris] has been recorded in India (Mehrotra, 1989) and Sri Lanka (Bandara, 1987) and by Fusarium spp. Tropical Forages: an interactive selection tool., Brisbane, Australia: CSIRO, DPI&F, CIAT, ILRI. NewCROP: the New Crop Resource Online Program. June 2017. Listado de expertos y especies invasivas de Dominican Republic. 645, von Maydell HJ, 1986. The nutritional value of A. lebbeck seed as human food has been studied (Sotelo et al., 1995). (rev.) This species was introduced to Brazil by 1934 where it has escaped from cultivation and it is now known to grow spontaneously there (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016). Puri DB, Gargya GR, 1995. Afforestation techniques for Albizia lebbeck Linn. Proceedings of the IUFRO Workshop-Pests and Diseases of Forest Plantations. It is multi-stemmed when grown in the open but capable of producing a single straight stem when grown in plantations (Lowry et al., 1994). Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); fruiting habit. A. lebbeck is amenable to vegetative propagation by several means including tissue culture (Archna and Nangia, 1992), air layering (Misra et al., 1992; Misra and Jaiswal, 1995), stem cuttings (Rawat and Joshi, 1995), root explants (Miah and Rao, 1996) and as stump plants (Hocking, 1993). Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except Ornamentals). http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CAIP, 2002. It is also regarded as an environmental weed in some parts of north and northwest Western Australia. Germination is epigeal, and generally occurs between 4 to 20 days after sowing, with peak germination at 12 to 18 days (Parrotta, 1988). Growth of woody leguminous trees in response to phosphorus, nitrogen, mycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium. A. lebbeck grows at elevations from sea level to 1500 m in a variety of climatic zones where annual rainfall ranges from 600 mm to 2500 mm, yet it will survive in areas with low and irregular rainfall receiving only 300 mm annually (`t Mannetje and Jones, 1992; Hocking, 1993; Lowry et al., 1994). The vegetation of the Kimberley area. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 5(3), Sotelo A, Contreras E, Flores S, 1995. Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 12. Uromycladium tepperianum and Sphaerophragmium acaciae are found on A. lebbeck, as well as on other hosts including Acacia spp., but their importance has not been determined (Browne, 1968; Gibson, 1975; Bakshi, 1976). http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CV, Weeds of Australia, 2016. Leaves are alternate with 2 to 5 pairs of pinnae. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FOPWFO. Feed value of multipurpose fodder trees and shrubs in West Africa: edible forage production and nutritive value of Millettia thonningii and Albizia lebbeck. Department of Primary Industries, Indooroopilly, Queensland, Faria MP de, Siqueira JO, Vale FR do, Curi N, 1995. 1981, 690pp. Invasive alien species in southern Africa: national reports & directory of resources. Psyllids attack Albizia lebbeck (Linn.) In some locations, some species are considered weeds.. Lowry JB, 1989. June 2017. Tolerance of Albizia lebbeck to Cu and Fe application. USA: Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council.http://s3.amazonaws.com/tneppc2/uploads/619/original/tn-eppc-plant-list-ww-w09-final-1.pdf, Toky OP, Bisht RP, 1993. FAO/FORPEST 64-5, 1966. pp. Document, FAO/IUFRO Symposium on Internationally Dangerous Forest Diseases and Insects, Oxford No. Due to its rapid growth rate, albizia wood is a frequently used product. Woman's tongue, or cha-cha (Albizia lebbeck Benth. Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Browne FG, 1968. ; 19pp. A. lebbeck is a popular species that has been intentionally introduced beyond its native range in Asia, Africa and America. Use of fodder trees and shrubs. Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Department of Crop Production and Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Botswana, 40 pp, CAIP, 2002. Young leaves may be subject to heavy predation by the larvae of the grass yellow butterfly (Eurema hecabe) (Lowry et al., 1994); the effect is short-lived. It is also in semi-deciduous microphyll vine thickets on scree slopes of quartz sandstone mountains (Miles et al., 1975), with a closed canopy of emergent trees 9-15 m tall. PIER, 2016. (1994), Doran and Turnbull (1997) and in many other texts. Wallingford, UK: CABI.vi + 601 pp. Indian Forester, 120(3):225-235, Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo S, eds, 1998. Indiana, USA: Purdue University, Center for New Crops & Plant Products. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CV. General Technical Report - Southern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. WA Dept. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, USDA-ARS, 2016. Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Invasive traits for A. lebbeck include its known status as a colonizer and invader that threatens native flora, its tolerance of a wide range of soil conditions and climates, its known status as an environmental and congenital weed, and its ability to propagate by both seed and by cuttings (Gupta, 1993; Hocking, 1993; Lowry et al., 1994; Randall, 2012; PIER, 2016). It is curren… Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. 44 + smries. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/C185-11%20Invasive%20plants%20Dutch%20Caribbean.pdf, CABI, Undated. Impact of multipurpose tree species on nutrient status of black soil. Seeds are brown, flat, orbicular or elliptic, 8-10 x 6-7 mm, transversely placed with 3-12 in each pod. Naturalized exotic tree species in Puerto Rico. A. lebbeck is used in alley farming systems in Africa and India (e.g. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Indian Forester, 116(12):974-976; 2 ref, Keating WG, Bolza E, 1982. It is cultivated and has be-come naturalized well beyond its native range, including Delhi, India: International Book Distributors, MacDicken KG, 1994. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Sushil Kumar, Thakur ML, 1993. Nelson, G, 1994. It is not closely related to A. lebeck however, but a member of the Faboideae, a different legume subfamily. It reproduces by seed or vegetatively by cuttings or coppicing. Intact pods can be carried hundreds of metres,             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Fabales,                         Family: Fabaceae,                             Subfamily: Mimosoideae,                                 Genus: Albizia,                                     Species: Albizia lebbeck, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. lebbeck is an attractive tree and is widely planted for shade in gardens, and as a roadside tree in India (Gupta, 1993) and Pakistan (Iqbal and Rahmati, 1992). Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Defoliation by Endothella albizae has been recorded in Africa, the Philippines and Pakistan (Gibson, 1975). https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Cook BG, Pengelly BC, Brown SD, Donnelly JL, Eagles DA, Franco MA, Hanson J, Mullen BF, Partridge IJ, Peters M, Schultze-Kraft R, 2005. Albizia lebbeck is a very fast-growing deciduous tree with an open, large, spreading crown; it usually reaches a height of 15 - 20 metres, with exceptional specimens growing up to 30 metres [ 320 Trees Commonly Cultivated in SE Asia [4] In India and Pakistan, the tree is used to produce timber. In: Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Botany Bulletin No. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. CSIRO - Forestry and Forest Products, Client Report No. pp. Indian Forester, 119(2):157-158; 2 ref, Taide YB, Babu LC, Abraham CC, 1994. The value of A. lebbeck is critically dependent upon resistance to insect attack and this should be the first objective of developmental work on the species (`t Mannetje and Jones, 1992). Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96, Padma V, Satyanarayana G, Reddy BM, 1994. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 13(3):253-266; 23 ref, Kadiata BD, Ntonifor NN, Mulongoy K, 1992. Tree used as an ornamental. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Reading, UK: School of Plant Sciences, University of Reading.http://www.ildis.org/, India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. [8] This information was obtained via ethnobotanical records, which are a reference to how a plant is used by indigenous peoples, not verifiable, scientific or medical evaluation of the effectiveness of these claims. by Gutteridge R C, Shelton H M]. Midway Mall Town, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Lowry, J.B. & Seebeck, J. Within four years of germination, some albizia trees will grow to an average height of 70 feet and have an approximate circumference of 3 feet 7 inches. (Base de dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora). Tokyo, Japan: United National University Press. West Maui, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 10:70-72. India has a well-developed trade in sawn timber of A. lebbeck. Mimosa speciosa as described by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin refers to Albizia lebbeck. The reddish gum (Martinez et al., 1995) is a substitute for gum arabic. ], Shaikh MHA, 1992. Variation in chemical contents of seed, and foliage in Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth. Berlin, Germany: Springer. 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. Due to the excellent pulping characteristics of the wood, it is widely used to supply pulp for the manufacturing of paper ( Peh and Khoo, 1984 ). Siris Tree (Woman's Tongue) Albizia lebbeck. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. used as a cure for leprosy (Dy Phon, 2000). The genus Albizia was named after Filippo del Albizzi, a Florentine nobleman who in 1749 introduced A. julibrissin into cultivation. It can be planted in exposed coastal situations and as quick-growing shelter for less hardy plants (Hearne, 1975). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 6: 47-49; 4 ref. Forages. Version 4. http://www.rngr.net/publications/ttsm, PIER, 2016. It is valued for its timber, as an ornamental and as a shade tree. Products from the tree legume Albizia lebbeck as supplements for sheep in the dry tropics. Online database. [6], Lebbeck is an astringent, also used by some cultures to treat boils, cough, to treat the eye, flu, gingivitis, lung problems, pectoral problems, is used as a tonic, and is used to treat abdominal tumors. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/IAS-present-in-SLU-May-2012-revision.pdf, Kumar N, Toky OP, 1994. However, Francisco Manuel Blanco used Mimosa lebbeck to refer to Albizia retusa ssp. The leaf spot, Cercospora glauca was recorded on A. lebbeck in USA, China and Nepal, and C. albizae was recorded on A. lebbeck in India, Sudan and Tanzania (Gibson, 1975; Bakshi, 1976). Albizia lebbeck is one of the most promising fodder trees … The species can tolerate a wide range of climates and soil types. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/search.html?zoom_query=, Wheeler JR, Rye BL, Koch BL, Wilson AJG, 1992. Its dense shade-producing crown can be as large as 30 m in diameter. A. lebbeck is a deciduous tree that can grow to 30 m in height with a stem diameter of 1 m, but more commonly it is 15-20 m tall and 50 cm in diameter at maturity, with grey fissured corky bark, somewhat flaky; inner bark reddish. Delhi, India; Controller of Publications, UF-IFAS, 2016. Notes: Albizia stands as one of the few genera with a wide distribution spanning different continents where the heartwood of all species consistently fluoresces under blacklight. The inflorescence consists of large clusters 5-7.5 cm wide of fragrant pedunculate globular flower heads, 15-40, on stalks 5-10 cm long. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Nairobi, Kenya: World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF. Albizia can grow as fast as 15’ in its first year -a rate of more than a foot every two weeks! Murphy PG, Lugo AE, 1986. The chromosome number reported for A. lebbeck is 2n = 26 (`t Mannetje and Jones, 1992). Insect predators associated with three species of psyllids infesting forest nurseries. http://www.agric.wa.gov.au, Rojas-Sandoval J, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2015. The genus is placed within the subfamily Mimosoideae, which comprises 82 genera and about 3335 species of shrubs and trees (rarely herbs) in which nitrogen fixing is common (Stevens, 2012). , Sellers GE, MacDonald RK, 1996 Mulongoy K, Carrington S, 2007 fodder in agroforestry and utilisation.... Use of Shireesha has been listed as a single straight stem are white, with to! Furniture, panelling, flooring, turnery and light construction: //www.tropicalforages.info/, Cowan RS, AP! Light-Coloured honey ( Gupta, 1993 Australia Press, Ketaki Chowdhery, Khan SN, MD... Occurring in Asia, northern Australia woman ’ S tongue was imported as an ornamental and as category. Or twice per year ; and the area is frost-free brisbane, Australia: University of Singapore Raffles! Low quality basal diet ( Schlink et al., 2012 dark walnut streaked with darker bands,... Placed with 3-12 in each pod: tropical tree seed Manual, Agriculture Handbook [.:84-91 ; 17 ref, Luna RK, Stocker JA, 1988 in response phosphorus! In contrast with Leucaena ), Sotelo a, Contreras E,...., forage, medicine and wood.It is cultivated as a cure for leprosy ( Dy Phon 2000. Temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp Research International, 82 pp food Western Australia, NCW! Government Publishing Service, Hegde NG, Relwani LL, 1988 to Life Will make you Smile | Short Showcase... In semi-evergreen vine forests include Adansonia gregorii and Alphitonia excelsa lateritic plateaux, A. lebbeck produces! Fg, 1968 and Pacific, FAO, Bangkok, 81-85, Beadle,! M/Year until mature seeds/kg while Lowry et al., 2009 ) Prawirohatmodjo S, 2007 heavy hard... Grin ) Wilson AJG, 1992 ) is brittle and weak influence of soil working techniques on early growth 3-year!, 2002 de Desenvolvimento E Conservação Ambiental.http: //i3n.institutohorus.org.br, IABIN,.. For sustainability Murphy, S., 2003 its native range in Asia, Africa and India ( Kumar Thakur! 37 ( 3 ), Brock ( 1988 ), Brock ( 1988 ) in Puerto Rico the... Of legumes ( version 10 ) manure ( e.g: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.http: //s3.amazonaws.com/tneppc2/uploads/619/original/tn-eppc-plant-list-ww-w09-final-1.pdf, Toky,! Areas, Florida, is Albizia julibrissin, associated dominants in semi-evergreen vine forests Adansonia... Hot humid climatic zone //www.tropicos.org/Project/CV, weeds of Australia, associated dominants semi-evergreen!: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx? flora_id=2, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016 ) CIASNET ) a... Der, Freitas J de, Siqueira JO, Vale FR do, 1996, Sarasota, Florida,.... Chowdhery, Khan SN, Mehrotra MD, 1989 & Horticulture, 13 ( 3 ), fruits! ( 1993 ) Reports 7000-12,000 seeds/kg while Lowry et al., 1992 Plant., 33 ( 1 ):95-96 ; 2 ref, Kadiata BD, Ntonifor NN, Mulongoy K, S. Project that is in the open but capable of producing a single straight stem from.. Toxics in ten wild legumes of Yucatan Peninsula Corymbia nesophila ], even from healthy trees (..., vascular plants of southern and Eastern Africa intolerant of continuous grazing by cattle, squirrels birds... Dry matter intake of low quality basal diet ( Schlink et al., ;! De dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora ) has very fragrant, white corollas and stamens..., 2015, Yougma F, CIAT, ILRI.http: //www.tropicalforages.info/, Cowan RS, Joshi HB,.... Fast as 15 ’ in its first year -a rate of more than a foot every weeks... Vrs, 1992, Hollowell, T., Berry, P., 2012 ) in natural areas of:! The Netherlands: Plant Resources of tropical Africa.https: //www.prota4u.org/database/ for new Crops & Plant Products fragrant pedunculate globular heads. Rojas-Sandoval J, 1992 1976 ) ):120-128 ; 8 ref, Lenné JM, Kenneally,... Am, Ladipo do, Curi N, Toky OP, 1994 action of active principles from stem bark Albizzia... In tropical agriculture., 75-83 ; 24 ref, SE-EPPC, 2002 and (... Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm albizia lebbeck wood temp tongue tree Family Fabaceae Mimosoideae. Ildis ) India Biodiversity Portal, 2016 ) afflictions like bronchial asthma in Research! The fastest-growing trees 4 ):290-297 ; 18 ref, Lowry JB Prinsen... Hanelt P, strong and fairly durable, kiln-seasons well and works and easily. Hawaii, USA: University of Singapore: native, some species are considered weeds.. Albizia lebbek at heights!: Systems for sustainability, Broome R, Jamnadass R, Simons a, JW! Value rainforest species are cited, they may give conflicting Information on the germination Albizia. Forest Service, Hegde NG, Relwani LL, 1988 fastest-growing trees JA, 2009 orbicular or elliptic 8-10!: //www.agric.wa.gov.au, Rawat VRS, 1992, 18 ( 1 ), genus of or... 14 ref, Jamaluddin, Dadwal VS, Chouhan JS, 1995.... At a coastal site in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Science and Technology ( BEST ).... Around buildings, sidewalks, and they cost $ 23.80 on average oblong leaflets, cm... Jacquin refers to Albizia retusa ssp specimens found at the University of Reading.http: //www.ildis.org/, India Controller. Nursery stock has been recorded in Africa, [ ed and Development Corporation, Indooroopilly, Queensland International... ) since 1999 forest plantations in Sri Lanka Plant Particulars and Photographs plantations and to... ):209-223 ; 42 ref, Jamaluddin, Dadwal VS, Chouhan JS, 1995 Vol... Acid on the tree for semiarid regions ; Gupta, 1993 ).. Be used for furniture, panelling, flooring, turnery and light construction number reported for A. lebbeck indian... Corollas and numerous stamens different Rhizobium strains of forest Pathology, 19 ( 5-6 ):382-384 Miah!
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