The calmer time of year lasts for 8.8 months, from April 21 to January 14. Most of the country experiences a rainy season from June to mid-October and significantly less rain during the remainder of the year. The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night. Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México, locally [sjuˈða(ð) ðe ˈmexiko] (); abbreviated as CDMX; Nahuatl languages: Āltepētl Mēxihco) is the capital and largest city of Mexico and the most-populous city in North America. The Tropic of Cancer divides the country into two so one part is temperate and the other, tropical. Mexico lies squarely within the hurricane belt, and all regions of both coasts are susceptible to these storms from June through November. Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Mexico City during 2020, starting in the spring on April 5, lasting 6.6 months, and ending in the fall on October 25. Arid or semiarid conditions are encountered in the Baja California Peninsula, the northwestern state of Sonora, the northern altiplano, and also significant portions of the southern altiplano. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mexico City for hot-weather activities is from late March to late May, with a peak score in the last week of April. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mexico City for general outdoor tourist activities is from late March to late May, with a peak score in the last week of April. The day least likely to be in the growing season is January 2, with a 71% chance. The "C" represents the "mild mid-latitude" category, the second letter "f" stands for the German word feucht or "moist," and the third letter "a" indicates that the average temperature of the warmest month is above 72°F (22°C). Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation. Furthermore, climate change in Mexico is tied to worldwide trade and economic processes which relates directly to global food security. We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies. In Mexico City, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year. The least rain falls around December 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches. The average temperature in Mexico City is 15.9 °C | 60.7 °F. Cochabamba, Bolivia (3,392 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Mexico City (view comparison). Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Mexico City for warm-weather activities is from late March to late May. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Mexico City, México City, Mexico. Citlaltépetl, Popocatépetl and, Iztaccíhuatl continue to support glaciers, the largest of which is the Gran Glaciar Norte. From June to October, the city gets a great deal of rain, pushed in by moist sea air. Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com . Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Mexico is in the southern part of North America.On the north, it shares a 1,900-mile- (3,100-kilometer-) long border with the United States.To the southeast are Guatemala and Belize.The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea are to the east.. Geologically, Mexico … Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. According to the Köppen climate classification Mexico has a large diversity in climate types. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall. Although low-lying areas north of the twenty-fourth parallel are hot and humid during the summer, they generally have lower yearly temperature averages (from 20 to 24 Â°C or 68.0 to 75.2 Â°F) because of more moderate conditions during the winter. Autumn rains are slowly retreating. All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus. Current local time in Mexico – Ciudad de México – Mexico City. Mexico City, for example, receives an average of only 5 millimeters (0.2 in) of rain during February but more than 160 millimeters (6.3 in) in July. The wind is most often from the south for 2.6 months, from March 3 to May 22 and for 2.6 months, from December 6 to February 22, with a peak percentage of 39% on March 21. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The city experiences hot summers and mild winters with an annual average temperature of 64°F (18°C). [1] The Tropic of Cancer effectively divides the country into temperate and tropical zones. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Explore Mexico City's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Along the Pacific and Caribbean coasts, the winter months (November-February) … The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). The calmest day of the year is May 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.0 miles per hour. The clearer part of the year in Mexico City begins around October 30 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around May 30. February and July generally are the driest and wettest months, respectively. In Mexico City, the wet season is warm and overcast and the dry season is comfortable and partly cloudy. Average rainfall totals are between 600 and 1,000 millimeters (23.6 and 39.4 in) in most of the major populated areas of the southern altiplano, including Mexico City and Guadalajara. Mexico City weather changes throughout the day. Tropical rainforests represent one of the biomes of Mexico. In the northern regions and regions at high altitude, freezing winter temperatures … At 2,300 meters (7,546 ft), Mexico City (primarily highland oceanic climate) has a yearly median temperature of 15 Â°C (59 Â°F) with pleasant summers and mild winters. Mexico, country of southern North America and the third largest country in Latin America. The warm season lasts for 2.5 months, from March 21 to June 7, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The Climate in Mexico varies according to its topography. It is one of the chief economic and political forces in Latin America, with a dynamic industrial base, vast mineral resources, a wide-ranging service sector, and the world’s largest population of Spanish speakers. The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. Seasonal variations in temperature are small, but May is the warmest month of the year, and January the coldest, when night frosts are possible. January is the coldest month and May is the warmest month while rainfall occurs mainly between J… The area within 2 miles of Mexico City is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (87%), and within 50 miles by cropland (39%) and trees (25%). For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. The annual average temperature is 64 degrees F (18 degrees C). In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 58 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 18 minutes of daylight. (Mexico City) Summer Holidays. The earliest sunset is at 5:56 PM on November 24, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 23 minutes later at 8:19 PM on July 5. The northern part of Mexico mainly has desert and steppe climates. The chance of wet days in Mexico City varies very significantly throughout the year. Mexico City has 3 seasons: rainy, dry/warm and dry/cold. The climate of Mexico is very varied. The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. The city is located at a tropical latitude, but at a high altitude, which ranges between 2,200 … They are located near the coastline of Mexico. The topography within 2 miles of Mexico City contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 105 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,344 feet. Mexico’s climate varies from arid to tropical, with a defined split. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F. The length of the day in Mexico City varies over the course of the year. Another area of the Mediterranean climate as a result of elevation occurs in the interior of Sonora. It may get hot but you should leave your shorts at the beach. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site. Mexico’s capital city has a spring-like climate year-round, a pleasant convergence of its latitude and elevation. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,726 feet). Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. In Mexico City, the huge federal capital of Mexico, the climate is subtropical, mild or pleasantly warm during the day, while nights are cool in summer and cold in winter. The Federal District includes the capital city of Mexico City. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Mexico City, Mexico with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com A few degrees migh… Land that is north of the twenty-fourth parallel experiences lower temperatures during the winter months. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands. The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. However, summers are rainy and during the winter, it can get quite chilly, especially at night. ", "Climate change is making Mexico City unbreathable", "BBC News â€” Mexico's president enacts climate change legislation", "In A First For Developing World, Mexico Enacts Climate Change Law", "U.S., Mexico to source 50% of electricity from clean energy by 2025", "Championing Adaptation in Mexico: Protecting Communities from the Impacts of Climate Change", "Mexico's Climate Change Mid-Century Strategy", North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Mexico&oldid=991649299, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 03:39. The cool season lasts for 2.5 months, from November 18 to February 3, with an average daily high temperature below 72°F. On February 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time. Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (14,606 feet). The coldest day of the year is January 13, with an average low of 43°F and high of 71°F. It has very small seasonal changes. This report illustrates the typical weather in Mexico City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016. The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The average maximum temperatures of … The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. It's not Cancun or Tulum folks! How the summer climate in Mexico typically presents itself depends on where you are situated: Colonial Highlands: In the colonial highlands , mornings tend to be pleasantly warm with temperatures rising gradually through the day and rain storms breaking-out on some afternoons, evenings, or overnight. It then struck northeast Mexico, where flooding from the heavy rain killed dozens in the Monterrey area and caused exten{{sive damage to livestock and vegetable crops. The hottest day of the year is May 8, with an average high of 80°F and low of 55°F. Annual Weather Averages Near Mexico City. The windier part of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from January 14 to April 21, with average wind speeds of more than 4.7 miles per hour. “Mexico’s greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow. A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The city of Apatzingan is located in the western-central area of Mexico. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the world. Parts of the northern altiplano, highlands and high peaks in the Sierra Madres receive yearly snowfall. The city is situated at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters in the Valley of Mexico and is surrounded by volcanoes and mountains. Rainfall in these regions averages between 300 and 600 millimeters (11.8 and 23.6 in) per year, although even less in some areas, particularly in the state of Baja California. The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year. Temperatures here remain high throughout the year, with only a 5 Â°C (9 Â°F) difference between winter and summer median temperatures. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures. For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mexico City are 19.428 deg latitude, -99.128 deg longitude, and 7,349 ft elevation. "[10] Altered precipitation patterns and warming temperatures has led to economic insecurity in Mexico, particularly for smallholder farmers, and have laced significant burdens on Mexico’s economically and culturally important crops: maize and coffee. removing excessive or indiscriminate images, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Cwa), Humid subtropical climate without dry season (Cfa), "Verano peligroso; calor se acerca a 50 grados", Datos Contenidos en la Base de Datos Climatológica, a Noviembre de 2011, Climatología Estadística, Los Lamentos, "A New Western Hemisphere 24-hour Rainfall Record", "World Meteorological Organization's World Weather & Climate Extremes Archive", "Catastrophic Landfall Expected in Mexico Friday; Patricia Becomes Strongest Hurricane Ever Recorded", "Climate Change Threatens Mexican Agriculture - Mexico", "Climate Change and Migration in Mexico: A Report Launch", "Climate change and migration in Mexico: Fifth in our series", "How Is Climate Change Affecting Mexico? Southern Mexico In Mexico’s southern regions (including Mexico City), the climate will be similar to that in central Mexico, but remember to keep in mind that elevated areas (including most of the colonial cities in this … High Temp: 81 °F. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels. On September 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 89% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 10% of the time. Between 1,000 and 2,000 meters (3,281 and 6,562 ft), one encounters yearly average temperatures between 16 and 20 Â°C (60.8 and 68.0 Â°F). The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 5.0 kWh. Mexico - Mexico - Ethnic groups: Mexico’s population is composed of many ethnic groups, including indigenous American Indians (Amerindians), who account for less than one-tenth of the total. Ejército Nacional 223, Col. Anáhuac, 11320, Mexico City, Mexico Towns and cities at this elevation south of the twenty-fourth parallel have relatively constant, pleasant temperatures throughout the year, whereas more northerly locations experience sizeable seasonal variations. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 43°F to 80°F and is rarely below 37°F or above 86°F. Here’s the climate reality: Since the 1960s, Mexico has gotten warmer. The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from November 8 to January 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.5 kWh. The climate of Mexico depends on the region, largely varying between hot and dry, hot and humid and areas with heavy rainfall. The table below displays average monthly climate indicators in MEXICO CITY based on 8 years of historical weather readings. The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds. The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. Although Mexico City is located within the tropics, its elevation of 7,240 feet makes for fairly pleasant weather year-round. The perceived humidity level in Mexico City, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout. Because of the wide range of temperature, the native flora of Mexico is extremely varied. The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from March 7 to June 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The wetter season lasts 4.4 months, from May 27 to October 9, with a greater than 41% chance of a given day being a wet day. The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. And scientists expect temperatures to keep rising. We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader. The chance of a wet day peaks at 79% on July 2. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 1, with an average total accumulation of 5.4 inches. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 79% on July 2. The Mexico City lies on 2238m above sea level The climate is warm and temperate in Mexico City. 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2020 mexico city climate type