According to Atkins (1735 cited in Craton, Walvin, and Wright 1976:32) the African trader "never cares to treat with dry Lips." This William Ewbank died between 1810 and 1815 and his widow and son later owned Mountain Spring plantation in Clarendon. In the 17th and 18th centuries Glasgow achieved commercial success through its trade in tobacco and sugar. The Ewbank plantations in St. Ann were just a few miles across the border from the Ewbank plantations in Clarendon and the two families definitely seem to have been related. Abbreviations. Nowhere was this more obvious than on the islands of the Caribbean. David Innes - Mount Grace Plantation (sw). Plantation Owners 4. The amount of sugar produced was dependent upon several factors, including the weather. It has been georeferenced by the Map Collections team at the National Library of Scotland, allowing a smooth transfer between the 1804 map and a modern satellite image.. 1763 Map of Jamaica and a List of Property Owners show 3. From the 1670s Jamaica had overtaken Barbados as the main sugar-producing island, and by 1739 it was producing 16,000 tons of sugar … Slave trader William Bosman's guidelines for the Dutch West India Company included regulations that the ship's captain make daily presentations of brandy to the King and the principal traders (cited in Postma 1990:365). By the end of the 19th-century it was the most productive plantation in Jamaica due to the advanced refining technology it … Still among Jamaica's most powerful families, the Barnetts and Jarretts were plantation owners and have owned land for many generations. At the age of 10, her family moved to Haiti, and soon her parents died of yellow fever. Plantation Era 5. When the settlers turned to sugar (aided by migrants from Barbados), they developed a society characterised by large-scale plantations and large slave … BELVEDERE ESTATE Chester Castle 876-956-7310 in Montego Bay 876-957-4171 in Negril Hours: 10-4, Monday-Saturday Admission charged. These include the influence of weather and terrain on sugar production, the impact on the island of the American Revolution (War of Independence) and of slave rebellions, matters associated with the import and export of goods and those concerning legislature, and the management of enslaved workers. http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/AL40Trelawny.htm, Loyalists who fled to Jamaica. Its merchants acquired land on the east coast of America and in the West Indies where the land was cleared for tobacco and sugar plantations. Not all West Indies planters made fortunes but many - including the Pennants - did. 1. It was the home of planters, or attorneys who acted for the absentee owner. William Swymmer and brother Anthony. One, King's Valley, was in Westmoreland, to the far west (green circle). Historians agree that in all the Dutch shipped about 550,000 African slaves across the Atlantic, about 75,000 of whom died on board before reaching their destinations. In 1790 he published a two-volume work called A Descriptive Account of the Island of Jamaica which includes his observations upon the organisation of the island's sugar trade. Christopher Columbus first explored Jamaica in 1494 when it was inhabited by the Arawak Indians, and named it St Iago. Most of the Pennant plantations were in the parish of Clarendon, in the centre of the island (within the red and blue circles on the map). The spatial distribution of the surviving plans matches closely the distribution of sugar plantations, but the collection is heavily weighted to the period between 1770 and … No slave trader could afford to dispense with a cargo of rum. The size and profitability of the property and the wealth of the owner determined the size of the house. [175] Ashanti King Agyeman Prempeh (Ashanti king, b. The Pennants owned sugar plantations in Jamaica for nearly 300 years, from the late 1650s up until 1940. [74] In addition, tens of thousands of slaves, mostly from India and some from Africa, were carried to the Dutch East Indies. Also on site is the Trash House Restaurant and Bar (where the sugarcane trash was once stored). In 1804 the Pennants shipped 606 hogsheads and 174 tierces of sugar to the UK, which were sold for £7,035 (£526,322 today). BELFIELD GREAT HOUSE 876-952-1709 Hours: daily, 10-5 Admission charged. The development of an economy based on sugar on the island had transformed its fortunes and its landscape. Appleton Estate, originated in 1655 is the oldest sugar plantation and distillery in Jamaica. With no preferential tariff protection and absolutely no cheap labour work force, sugar plantation owners in Jamaica and other colonies could not compete with Brazil and Cuba. Sign up now. Prospect Plantation, Sir Harold Mitchell bought it in 1936 had 2 previous owners Sir Harold Paton Mitchell, 1st Baronet, Blagrove Plantation SW http://heritagearchives.rbs.com/wiki/John_Blagrove_junior_%281753-1824%29%2C_West_Indian_plantation_owner, Size (Acres) and Owner in 1840 jamaica alminac, 60 William Fitzgerald, 10 William Hemsley, or 72 Abraham Lazarus, http://www.genealogy-quest.com/collections/clarendon.html, Good Hope EstateFormerly a sugar plantation, the main crops are now papaya, ackee, citrus and anthuriums sw, British Regiments in Canada (and Jamaica), Jamaica Plantership (Paperback) by Benjamin M'mahon Publisher: Bibliolife (Apr 2009), http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2011/07/09/bachmann-stands-by-marriage-pledge- that-links-slavery-to-black-family-values/, http://www.satan4u.8m.com/history/slavery.html, discussion on slavery' Sea-Venture' to VA 1610, http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?jamaica::powell::12796.html, http://www.museumoflondon.org.uk/NR/rdonlyres/FC6A7151-B685-4F7B-87D7-4D61280CA2D8/0/SlaveownersResearchGuide.pdf, http://www.archive.org/stream/jamaicaplanters00mmagoog/jamaicaplanters00mmagoog_djvu.txt, The first African slaves arrived in Hispaniola in 1501;[70] by 1517, the natives had been "virtually annihilated" by the settlers. Large estates in Jamaica had on average 400-500 slaves, with the largest ones having more than 1,000. John Pinney was born in 1740 and died in 1818. In 1670, the Treaty of Madrid handed Jamaica formally from Spain to England. Jamaica. two sugar plantations, Hyde Hall and Etingdon in Trelawny, sold to Mrs. Shirley for only 6,000 pounds. Map of Sugar Plantations in Jamaica and name the owners in 1763 By the end of the 16th century, the Arawak … At times, kings and chiefs would sell the criminals in their society to the buyers so that they could no longer commit crimes in that area. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. At the time those countries still produced sugar using slave labour. A Note on Documenting Slaves’ Names. The English seized Jamaica in 1655 from the Spanish and, like their neighbours on the smaller islands, the pioneering settlers created a string of small-scale agricultural settlements. Plantations & Great Houses Here are a list of some: BARNETT ESTATE Granville Main Road 876-952-2382, fax 876-952-6342 Open daily Admission charged. CROYDON IN THE MOUNTAINS Located 20 miles into the interior near the town of Catadupa in St. James (take B6 out of town) Hours: 8:30-5:30 daily; tours from 10:30-3:30 876-979-8267 Admission charged. This corresponds very closely with British colonisation of the island, which lasted from 1655 to Jamaican independence in 1962. It was profitable to spread the taste for liquor on the coast. This required the sugar estate owner to have a sugar mill near the fields. Built in 1790 for wealthy Barrett family. 1775 was clearly a good year, as the agent confirms that he had shipped 1,000 hogsheads. William Beckford of Somerley inherited four sugar plantations in Jamaica, which he personally supervised. Lord Windsor, the second governor, issued a royal proclamation in 1662, giving Jamaica's nonslave population the rights of English citizens, including the right to make their own laws. Within the blue circle are Bullard's pen, Coates pen, Denbigh plantation and Main Savanna pen. David Innes was shown as deceased on 28th June 1817 on the slave returns. The top floor was usually made of wood. Dr Fulke Rose moved to St Thomas in the Vale, Jamaica, from Mickleton in Gloucestershire. Variations of this archetype included one-story buildings constructed of wood, cut stone or Spanish walling or wattle and daub; or two-story building made of brick, wood or cut stone. Part of spanglefish.com - Web Sites. Anti-slavery treaties were signed with over 50 African rulers. Robert Dukinfield, owned Duckinfield Hall. In the United States before the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution the formal act of freeing from slavery; "he believed in the manumission of the slaves", The annual Jamaica Almanacs, which were published throughout the 19th century, detail the numbers of slaves and stock held by each plantation owner. [174] Selling captives or prisoners was common practice amongst Africans and Arabs during that era. and List of Property Owners shown. This small development is a half mile North of The Sugar Plantation [ Boiling Hole ] and adjoins the Fire Road Settlement. Forrest land at Luana, St. Elizabeth, Jamaica, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, Ancient Planters: John Burras/Burris/Burroughs, Jamaica Out of Many - One People Master Project, http://www.will-robson.com/Jamaica/Historical-Jamaica/, 1763 Map of Jamaica and a List of Property Owners show, Slave Movement During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, http://history-world.org/Africa%20in%20the%20age%20of%20the%20slave%20trade.htm, http://innercity.org/holt/slavechron.html, http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/slavery.aspx, http://britishandamericanslavery1500-2000.blogspot.com/, Jamaica Surveyed: Plantation Maps and Plans of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, James Irving of Ironshore and his Descendants, 1713-1917 by Sir Æmilius Irving, edited by L. Homfray Irving, Jamaican Family Search Genealogy Resource Library, Michael Craton (Craton, Michael) on Bookfinder.com, Searching for the Invisible Man: Slaves and Plantation Life in Jamaica by Michael Craton, A Jamaican Plantation: The History of Worthy Park 1670-1970 by James Walvin, Michael Craton, Caribbean Exchanges: Slavery and the Transformation of English Society, 1640-1700, by Susan Dwyer Amussen, A Short History of Slavery and Sugar Cane in Jamaica, 1670 Census of jamaica and land acres in Clarendon, http://www.kislakfoundation.org/prize/200102.html, http://www.antonymaitland.com/maitjohn.htm, http://www.orange-tree-valley.co.uk/hnj/rr01/rr01_043.htm, http://www.discoverjamaica.com/tour_c.htm, http://www.jamaican-traditions.com/rosehall-great-house.html, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~eda70/frogg_plantation_jamaica.html, http://www.fiwiroots.com/greathouses.html, http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/AL40Trelawny.htm, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jamwgw/loyal.htm, http://bellsouthpwp.net/t/e/teague_l/Low/Dugue.htm, http://heritagearchives.rbs.com/wiki/John_Blagrove_junior_%281753-1824%29%2C_West_Indian_plantation_owner, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2011/07/09/bachmann-stands-by-marriage-pledge-, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukawsaw_Gronniosaw, http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/tfj/index.htm, http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/cugoano/cugoano.html. 26 Williams, Baumslag and Jelliffe, Mother and Child … [85] Action was also taken against African leaders who refused to agree to British treaties to outlaw the trade, for example against "the usurping King of Lagos", deposed in 1851. Look at the ruins of the great house, dating back to the early 1800s, the ruins of a sugar factory, a horse-drawn sugar mill and herb garden. After a short time here, you'll soon notice how often you hear the name "Barnett" and "Jarrett" on the island. [87] He was not, however, as some have claimed, the first white person to have been lawfully executed for the killing of a slave.[88][89]. Geni requires JavaScript! Jamaican Estates in 1837 The themes of these letters were relevant to all planters on Jamaica. (Williams 1944:78). (See especially the Forrest Family of Jamaica ). 24 Thomas Roughley, The Jamaica Planter's Guide; or, A System for Planting and Managing a Sugar Estate, or other Plantations in that Island, and throughout the British West Indies in General (1823), p. 118. Learn about Jamaica's coconut industry with a visit to Sun Valley, one of the country's working coconut plantations. Growth in slave population caused growth in number of plantations along with average size of plantations and increase in output per unit Jamaica was producing 36,000 tons of sugar per annum during this decade Growth due to increasing size of average estates 1740’s-Jamaica replaced Barbados as main English sugar producer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukawsaw_Gronniosaw , http://www.brycchancarey.com/sancho/index.htm, http://www.brycchancarey.com/abolition/index.htm, http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/tfj/index.htm -, http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Olaudah_Equiano, were among the first to attempt to present the western world with a view of the African continent that was not coloured by racial prejudice or avarice. Jamaican Sugar Plantations When beginning to discuss sugar plantations in Jamaica, the word slavery comes to mind. GREENWOOD GREAT HOUSE North Coast Hwy., 15 miles east of Montego Bay 876-953-1077 Hours: 9-6 daily Admission charged. I have four of them hanging in my Dining Room. By Nathaniel Dance-Holland - from the National Maritime Museum, United Kingdom, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18059. See http://www.will-robson.com/Jamaica/Historical-Jamaica/ for pictures. Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree. The area of Norbrook was once the plantation of George Willian Gordon. List of Surveyors and Planmakers, 1700-1900 2. The sugar trade. As a result, Britain began to colonize territories across the Atlantic to take advantage of their rich natural resources and encourage exports. As the story goes, Annie was born in 1802 in England to an English mother and Irish father. They bought and sold land as opportunity arose but at their height, the family owned six sugar plantations and three pens (for rearing livestock). You'll sit down for a brunch of coconut-based products, accompanied by other produce and fresh … Camels were used to work Jamaica’s sugar cane plantations during the 1800s. Consequently, Georgian Period (1720-1760) inspired the designs, from which the Jamaican Georgian (1760-1830) evolved. Moved to Staten Island, NY in 1870; became a U.S. citizen. Keen to maintain high productivity, that year the Pennants bought 12 new slaves for Denbigh, 12 for Kupuis, 10 for Bullards and 15 for Coates. The prisoners and captives that were sold were usually from neighboring or enemy ethnic groups. In the 19th century, sugar dominated Martinique, Grenada, Saint Croix, Jamaica, Barbados, Leeward Islands, Saint Domingue, Cuba, and many other islands that had been run by French, British, or Spanish owners. Albion was a sugar plantation in Saint David Parish, Jamaica. Api. 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