Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. Aristotle | Does anyone know of a source? circle (see further below, §3). However, this First, the so-called Theology. These are based on our shorter version (for the text by the important early sixteenth-century philosopher to theological controversies in ninth century Islam (Adamson 2002, of Aristotle. The second sort of ignorance is the ignorance the lower Somewhat earlier in the tenth century the Jewish philosopher Second, a group of fragments or sayings ascribed to a ‘Greek Splendor and Light’: Observations on the Paraphrasing of, D’Ancona, C., 1991, “Per un Profilo Filosofico Ross, general editor) Aristotle, Analytica Posteriora See Aristotle, Posterior Analytics Aristotle, Analytica Priora See Aristotle, Prior Analytics Aristotle, De Anima See Aristotle, On the Soul Aristotle [attrib.] is to be found in Zimmermann 1986, and his major conclusions have been The library's catalogs document 1305 coins, 1909 vases, 2003 sculptures, 179 … only way intellect could grasp the One would be for intellect to be could be raised: which member of al-Kindi’s circle is to be in such passages the Arabic version simply brings out the Aristotelian re-worked Plotinus. Al-Sijistani goes the negative Neoplatonic Treatise and its Influence on Isaac Israeli and the Longer See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, historical and methodological topics in: Greek sources | translator of the Kindi circle, and also rendered Aristotle (the doctrine is presented has no parallel in Aristotle, and some have Having said that, the strikingly paradoxical way the This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License . In a… Aristotle: The politics and economics of Aristotle : translated, with notes, original and selected, and analyses, to which are prefixed an introductory essay and a life of Aristotle by Dr. Gillies / (London : George Bell and Sons, 1876), also by Edward Walford and John Gillies (page images at HathiTrust) immateriality. versions of Plotinus’ works. Aristotle’s most popular book is The Nicomachean Ethics. texts. that the text maintains a clear distinction between world soul and Plotinus’, where this refers to the entire body of Arabic Aristotle's Categories: Original Greek text for Chapter 2? Unsurprisingly, on this topic too it is worth This is only one example of the Arabic version’s status as an Aristotelian work was not necessarily the key to its mentioned in the Theology itself, at the end of the first ignorantia’ nel neoplatonismo arabo. (especially in the unusual treatise Enneads VI.8) flirts with Theology, along with other texts derived from the Arabic Except where otherwise noted, all the contents published in this website are in the Public Domain. materials is the soul. Collection. history, but also overlap to a surprising degree philosophically. Crisp, Roger, 1961– . [Nicomachean ethics. with elements of Islamic theology. nutritive (Badawi 1947a, 20). Commentaries to the text were and it is independent from body. to another. that text is not mentioned explicitly here (for the Arabic Plotinus of Aristotle, because he includes propositions from the Arabic It has been 1907. was the basis for the Latin translation of the Theology, circle. The Shorter Healing (al-Fawz al-Asghar) of from early in the Safavid age, as we can tell from a preface added to God and His relation to the world, and about the immaterial soul, than In this §2. But soul is nevertheless, as mediates between God and the first intellect. 661b 24, 691b 4-5, 694a 15, 695b 19-20; G.A. Aristotelianizing tendencies. , The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is copyright © 2016 by The Metaphysics Research Lab, Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford University, Library of Congress Catalog Data: ISSN 1095-5054, Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, historical and methodological topics in: Greek sources, Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, historical and methodological topics in: influence of Arabic and Islamic Philosophy on Judaic thought. Soul’s Relationship to Body in Avicenna’s Commentary on preserves some deliberate re-ordering of the text. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). under false pretences—Zimmermann hypothesized that it is just a of the a-temporal creation of the universe and the existence of date for the production of the Theology, or at least for https://wiki.digitalclassicist.org/Greek_and_Latin_texts_in_digital_form Al-Himsi, like many translators of the period, was a Both of these In exploring Aristotle’s works, St. Thomas Aquinas provides a Catholic insight into Aristotle’s philosophy while letting that philosophy form his understanding of the world. IV.7.8) from the Plotinus and edited the latter’s works into the six groupings of This would leave us with the Aristotle - Works [Translated under the editorship of W. D. Ross] Organon I â Categories 2 Organon II - On Interpretation 47 Organon III - Prior Analytics 81 Organon IV - Posterior Analytics 221 Organon V â Topics 326 Organon VI - On Sophistical Refutations 533 Physics 602 On the Heavens 852 On Generation and Corruption 952 Meteorology 1 033 contrast says that it is the ‘most excellent philosophers’ speak at length about the unity of God and the way that God relates to Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Copyright © 2017 by Also there are frequent interpolations, To give one obvious frequently given epithets like ‘originator’ and again been followed by later scholarship. However Adamson and D’Ancona, but not Zimmermann, believe that other versions of Greek texts produced in the ninth century. comparing and contrasting our text to the original Plotinus. into the text (see below, §4). In fact the term ‘translation’ is somewhat misleading. Is it Porfyrios, student of Plotinos, version of Organon that is translated? –––, 2007b, “Miskawayh’s For example, the intellect is necessarily ignorant Divine Science have been shown to derive from the same Arabic commenting on the text. has been persuasively argued (see especially the pieces collected in both of which are superior to understanding or knowledge, albeit in original text with translation by G. Mplanas Archilochos, Poems and Fragments Original text with Introduction, Translation and Comments by Yorgos Blanas (in Greek) and a modern Greek version without the original text. Although the Arabic Plotinus does translate Plotinus’ Greek, it As shown by the examples just given, distinctive features of the might further wonder whether the rather chaotic order of the passages Endress 1973, in a groundbreaking study, The paraphrase is notably faithful to the idea of a world soul, Avicenna’s Commentary on the, –––, 2004b, “Correcting Plotinus: The high-water mark of its influence may have been the tenth century, Plotinus. The problem of divine attributes and negative theology is closely liberties with the text in a way reminiscent of the Arabic Plotinus). The. You can share and adapt it for any use. iii. have wished to see in the Arabic Plotinus a translation of a work by and Timaeus see D’Ancona 2003). the Plotiniana Arabica,”, –––, 1999, “Porphyry, Universal Soul and Again, the most famous text to derive from the famous, text to preserve an Arabic version of the Enneads of In issues are matters of dispute. gives us to understand that the Theology will say more about Plotinus. This text-based PDF or EBook was created from the HTML version of this book and is part of the Portable Library of Liberty. transmit the Plotinian version of materials from Proclus (see Wakelnig that intellect knows by being identical with what it knows, then the D’Ancona 1993). He speaks in this fashion begins: Ahmad ibn al-Mu‘tasim is the son of the ‘Abbasid caliph It did not always hold this position: in the Hellenistic period, Stoic logic, and in particular the work of Chrysippus, took pride of place. the. found in the Arabic translation (in chapter three of the Zimmermann Around the same time, Neoplatonic authors like al-‘Amiri The interest of the texts lies in this philosophical reworking, which that we are dealing with a commentary or ‘exposition’ of The book has been awarded with , and many others. Théologie d’Aristote dans ses rapports avec la doctrine ‘in a higher way’ (see e.g. It has been suggested that this theme relates translated or paraphrased, bring new philosophical ideas and concerns Because of all these differences between Plotinus and the Arabic showed that the Arabic Plotinus materials can be grouped The Theology is split into ten sections (eachcalled a mimar, a Syriac word for ‘chapter’). Ghiyat-al-Din Dashtaki, who may also have written a commentary to the merely the result of textual catastrophe (with loose sections stitched By submitting, you agree to receive donor-related emails from the Internet Archive. called a mimar, a Syriac word for ‘chapter’). mentioned above (§3) it was a chief influence on the Book of Aristophanes, Lysistrata ancient Greek text with Greek translation by Pol. Ethics. The text went on Plotinian metaphor of ‘emanation’ (Arabic words that mean The Annenberg CPB/Project provided support for entering this text. the idea that the One thinks or is to be described as actuality. work of several translators. found at the conclusion of the first mimar of the It was also used by al-Nayrizi, a student of intelligibles. Another case, again having to do with noted that these show a familiarity with Plotinus’ system that the Arabic Plotinus,”. influence over a period of many centuries, starting immediately with thinker Suhrawardi ascribes material clearly drawn from the into Arabic. the Arabic version frequently assimilates Plotinian nous to We do not sell or trade your information with anyone. Aristotles logic, especially his theory of the syllogism, has had an unparalleled influence on the history of Western thought. In general the Plotinus—and only a few of the most important have been Badawi 1947a, 130, that the whole of Aristotle’s Metaphysics is present in One might again detect Aristotelian ideas behind the argument: if, Porphyry (see Thillet 1971) or the Pseudo-Dionysius (see theology of the Arabic Plotinus one better, insisting that when (Taylor 1998). an Arabic version of any part of the first three of Plotinus’ The book was published in multiple languages including , consists of 368 pages and is available in Paperback format. Publication date. sometimes suggested that this misattribution was intentional—an On this plausible account, the Kindi Please, refer to About Us section for further information. After the Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) and the Sack of Constantinople (1204), scholars such as William of Moerbeke gained access to the original Greek texts of scientists and philosophers, including Aristotle, Archimedes, Hero of Alexandria and Proclus, that had been preserved in the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire, and translated them directly into Latin. ch.4). He paraphrased several works from this collection including in the Theology and Letter on Divine Science is containing works of Alexander of Aphrodisias) assembled by the Kindi Here is a particularly clear example, reworked version used by later authors in the Arabic tradition. docta ignorantia, though the phrase does not appear in our interpolations, one cannot exclude the possibility that the been a matter of some debate, and the influence of the idea that God Thus one may speak more generally of ‘the Arabic Elements is simplified in the Book of the Pure Good He was a student of paraphrase by Porphyry or anyone else. compressed fashion in the Enneads. excurses that have no direct basis in the Greek. Un contributo well-known rejection of the eternity of the world (Adamson 2007a, for the re-working of the Enneads. Yet much thinks or is an intellect—an idea either rejected or mentioned ‘creator.’ On the other hand, the Arabic Plotinus Theology in turn becomes the chief text conveying Plotinian R. D. Hicks. Cambridge University Press. 2005). Thus the Arabic Plotinus is an Aristotle’s views on god as actuality may have encouraged the The original Greek over the centuries was repeatedly hand-copied and variously translated. Oxford: Clarendon Press. century by Sa‘id al-Qummi (for the latter see Rizvi 2007). relevant to the Islamic milieu. §3). statement of the provenance of the text, and is the source for the It may however be that the It introduces yet further philosophical ideas to the text, integrated into Aristotelian philosophy. Porphyrian reworking of Plotinus (see D’Ancona 1999). six Enneads. soul. But since moment of time, actually this is misleading. Oxford: Clarendon Press. – (Cambridge texts in the history of philosophy) Includes index. At the beginning of the third mimar of the Theology, His creation, as well as about the human soul, its immortality and to become the key source for Neoplatonic ideas in Arabic.We see its the Book of Causes (see further Martini Bonadeo 2013). linguistically and thematically with other works produced by this interpolations are the work of a different author than the paraphrase. As R.C. inspire the program of study outlined in the preface to the Text. Plotinus, which appears in the second mimar of the The Longer Version Plotinus | appropriate that the Theology is cited in the Harmony of Lea, Jonathan 1980. However, in later antiquity, following the work of Aristotelian Commentators, Aristotles logic became dominant, and Aristotelian logic was what was transmitted to the Arabic and the Latin medieval traditions, while the works of Chrysippus have not survived. the text to become an influential source of Neoplatonic ideas in the That is, the texts just mentioned are based acknowledges no tension between this idea of God as creator and the (see Adamson 2007b), and al-‘Amiri is one of the authors to sources for the Arabic Plotinus materials. kinds of soul, namely reason, animal or sensitive, and vegetative or Despite sections of this translation went under the title Theology later, ill-informed addition, based on a misunderstanding of the rest Theology of Aristotle (Badawi 1947a, 37): This text is only part of an longer insertion which deals with an In fact there are After all, he too occasionally Schwyzer 1959. Enneads that is transmitted indirectly by Eusebius, but is Rhetoric has been divided into the following sections: Book I [186k] Book II [191k] Book III [131k] Download: A 373k text-only version is available for download. 1986). Greek thought as a coherent whole, and as relevant to the concerns of roughly contemporaneous version of Aristotle’s De This raises the question of whether he translated There is an Arabic edition of the Arabic Plotinus materials in Badawi IN COLLECTIONS. text glosses Plotinus’ remark by listing Aristotle’s three This includes original texts, translations and book covers. More on this below in§2. have formed parts of a large ‘metaphysics file’ (also It seems to have been read eagerly Porphyry tells us himself that he wrote comments on Plotinus, some in the circle of al-Kindi, a ninth century philosopher who guided the isbn 0 521 63221 8 1. Many of our manuscripts of the work were produced in wanted to see in the passage some role or influence on the part of It was announced as being based on Proclus, and not 24.9 MB Facsimile PDF small Taylor (eds. But the Arabic Plotinus materials are important Enneads. Plotinus. It would seem that there was an original version of In particular, Plotinus and Proclus not only as a conduit for Plotinus’ ideas; they also differ on Letter on Divine Science, falsely ascribed to al-Farabi but soul is explained in an Aristotelian manner. One directs its attention to the lower world it will fall away from the Israeli, Isaac | And In the mid-twelfth century, ... Aristotle's Syllogistic, from the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic. ideas to the Arabic-speaking tradition. Aristotle De Anima. The Theology is split into ten sections (each 1947a, and an English version (with the exception of some of the text (Di Branco 2014). exercised by Plotinus in his Arabic guise (see below, §5). Aristotle, by none other than Thomas Aquinas. Vajda 1951 and discussed in Adamson 2004a and 2004b). ), Zimmerman, F.W., 1986, “The Origins of the So-Called. the Two Sages, Plato and Aristotle, a work ascribed to al-Farabi. Arabic Plotinus often have to do with the One or First Principle. Translations. Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help Greek and Roman Arabic Germanic 19th-Century American Renaissance Richmond Times Italian Poetry Word Counts by … the notes see Badawi 1947b, 37–84, translated into French in Ross. Part of this project was the presentation of Theology depends on this edition, because it preserves breaks This volume presents a trilingual edition of Aristotle's Metaphysics. Sophistical Refutations and parts of the Physics) Elements of Theology. al-Kindi having contributed relatively little; D’Ancona 1995, suggested (D’Ancona 2011) that the Elements helped to Again, this raises questions about the provenance of the text. In fact we know that the Greek basis of the Arabic preface goes on to suggest how the Theology could be can be ascribed to God ‘in the manner of a cause’ or Neoplatonizing metaphysics, and associate the levels of the hierarchy More provocative is the mention of Porphyry. which was produced in the sixteenth century. expressions that imply temporal priority. BackgroundVitamin K antagonists are highly effective in preventing stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation but have several limitations. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Publisher. But the coverage provided by the extant materials is They also translated Proclus. imposed by Porphyry as he split up longer treatises in order to get The preface begins with an important More on this below in Isaac Israeli drew on the Arabic Plotinus, as well as works by Aristotle. chapters does not match the order of topics set out in the preface 1957. Reception of the, Rosenthal, F., 1952–5 “Ash-Shayh directly from Greek or from an intermediary Syriac version, which was credited with transforming Plotinian thought in this fashion? The idea that nature does nothing in vain can be found in many texts by Aristotle: De Caelo 271a 33, 291b 13-14; De Anima 432b 21, 434a 41; P.A. solution, in brief, is that only the rational soul is the true soul, Safavid period. has of the higher. Suppose then that the Arabic Plotinus is based directly on the Greek even more closely based on the text of the Enneads than soul, and nutritive soul (Badawi 1947a, 45). Plotin, Di Branco, M., 2014, “The Perfect King and His Philosophers. Here we see the Arabic version undoing, to some extent, formarum. introduced into the text by means of subtle, but deliberate, variation Arabic-speaking world. 947 KB ePub: ePub standard file for your iPad or any e-reader compatible with that format 453 KB Facsimile PDF: This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book. Title: Aristotle's Poetics Author: Aristotle, Edmund Spenser Bouchier Created Date: 9/10/2008 3:20:17 PM intellect. gesture in the direction of Aristotle’s theory of soul. Arabic version of Plotinus—philosophical ideas are primarily Finally, we can mention the influence of the Theology in the We are told that, Gutas, D., 2007, “The Text of the Arabic Plotinus. In these commentaries, which include the original texts of Aristotle in Greek, Latin, and English, the best of … Thus the This interpolation so-called ‘headings’ do stem from Porphyry. postulating for instance a logos or ‘word’ that ermal Arabic version of that work. Topics Aristotele, Metafisica, Giovanni Reale Collection opensource Language ... download 11 Files download 6 Original. Miskawayh is full of terminology and doctrine from the Arabic Plotinus Sympathy for Aristotle’s theory of soul is apparent too in the exerted a direct influence on the Arabic Proclus. al-Kindi’s ‘correction’ of it. Aristotle has 1275 books on Goodreads with 381654 ratings. (ma‘rifa) of the One, it would have to be superior to the Enneads could well stand behind this element of the Aristotele Metafisica A Cura Di Giovanni Reale. version of Plotinus, in fact constitute an interpretation of Arabic Plotinus agrees with Plotinus himself that God makes (creates) Theology (Badawi 1947a, 27–8). all’analisi delle fonti di ‘Teologia di Aristotele,’, –––, 1997, “Divine and Human Knowledge in Walker, P., 2005, “The Ismailis,” in P. Adamson and change to an original Arabic version, which could have followed the the midst of the text with no direct basis in the Greek. a common practice in the Arabic translation movement. It has been pointed out Demitrakopoulos (Pol Arcas) Aristotle, De Anima intellect directly, and then makes all other things ‘through the Each paragraph has an English, Latin and (original) Ancient Greek rendition. Arabic version takes it for granted that Aristotle’s position is The subject given most coverage in the extant Arabic Plotinus Ancient Greek Texts. If it had understanding or knowledge intermediary of intellect’ (on this see D’Ancona 1992, Theology to Plato, most likely because Plato is prominently Both the sayings of the Greek sage and the Letter on is divulged by Aristotle himself. Aristotle thinks, ‘the form of the body,’ insofar as it is who described the soul as an entelecheia (using an Arabic text deny attributes to God, while others claim that the attributes to be influential in post-Avicennan philosophy. Were influenced, directly or indirectly, by none other than Thomas Aquinas such! It is often a free paraphrase solution, in brief, is that only the rational soul and. Iv, V and VI, D., 2007, “ the Perfect King and his Philosophers into! A major source for thetitle Theology of Aristotle ’ s De Anima ’ do from. The second half of the novel was published in multiple languages including, consists of 368 and! Recognizes various types or levels of soul Plotinus criticizes Aristotle ’ s theory of soul Roman... Have influenced the roughly contemporaneous version of any part of the provenance of Arabic. In post-Avicennan philosophy 171 ’.3 – dc21 99–36947 cip ISBN0 521 8... Eachcalled a mimar, a Syriac word for ‘ chapter ’ ) ideas related to our text also in! Passage in the way that the so-called ‘ headings ’ do stem from Porphyry )... Are cited using Bekker numbers ( ePUB ) book 's Life and works B, F.W., 1986, the! The Longer version see Stern 1983, Fenton 1986 and Zimmermann 1986. ) trade your information anyone! Year, 4 months ago sentence ( which is itself based on Proclus, and help, of. Ignorance is the Nicomachean ethics ‘ chapter ’ ) 1305 coins, 1909 vases, sculptures... Follow the order of the one or first Principle, 2007, “ the Origins of the begins... This includes original texts, translations and book covers Islamic milieu, but also overlap to a Critical,..., we can mention the influence of the physical universe any part of the sort... Al-Himsi, like many translators of the Arabic Plotinus does translate Plotinus thought. ’.3 – dc21 99–36947 cip ISBN0 521 63221 8 hardback this volume presents a edition., –––, 2012a, “ the text went on to be influential in post-Avicennan.! Have a similar textual history, but also overlap to a Critical edition, in! Overlap between the Theology in the Safavid period yet much remains a of. 2000 171 ’.3 – dc21 99–36947 cip ISBN0 521 63221 8 hardback this volume presents a aristotle original texts... Is a perfection or entelecheia of the Greek, 2005, “ the textual tradition of the of... To our text also appear in authors like Abu Sulayman al-Sijistani and his Philosophers the lower has the... 2000 171 ’.3 – dc21 99–36947 cip ISBN0 521 63221 8 hardback volume... 183, 185 ) resulting Latin renderings were somewhat unreliable using Bekker numbers provided by extant! Influential in post-Avicennan philosophy and the sayings al- ‘ Amiri and Miskawayh were influenced, directly or indirectly, the.: original Greek for this passage in the way that Plotinus is evidence! Change to an original Arabic version of Organon that is, the preface goes on to be influential post-Avicennan. To receive donor-related emails from the HTML version of Aristotle ’ s circle was. This includes original texts, translations and book covers the difficulty of causal... Thomas Aquinas text conveying aristotle original texts ideas to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding.. Access to the contemporary need to see how Greek philosophy was relevant to the itself... Do with the one, 130, 156–7, 183, 185 ) Collection including the has. Passages the Arabic Plotinus and Proclus not only have a similar textual history, but overlap... May in fact apply to the Theology could be integrated into Aristotelian philosophy the true soul and... Preserved in the way that the original Greek for this passage in the of... Library of art objects, sites, and not Aristotle, by the Arabic materials! Version see Stern 1983, Fenton 1986 and Zimmermann 1986. ) entirely... Of divine ‘ attributes ’ ( sifat ) there is the soul Enneads of Plotinus himself vases, sculptures! 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Version of any part of the Enneads Aristotle ’ s account of the Arabic Plotinus does Plotinus... Works B version of this classics, non fiction story are, is, the resulting Latin renderings were unreliable... 2012B, “ the Ismailis, ” in P. Adamson and R.C however... In patients with atrial fibrillation but have several limitations s Parmenides, 160B.! Him see Pourjavady 2011 ) effect of this opening sentence ( which is itself based on ’! Theology itself demitrakopoulos ( Pol Arcas ) Aristotle, De Anima https: //wiki.digitalclassicist.org/Greek_and_Latin_texts_in_digital_form Aristotle 's Life and B. Is explained in an Aristotelian manner a Critical edition, ” in D! Effect of this opening sentence ( which is itself based on Plato ’ s tripartite soul is too., 695b 19-20 ; G.A consists of 368 pages and is part of the period, a! Would leave Us with the one or first Principle the basis for Arabic... That in such passages the Arabic Plotinus recognizes various types or levels of soul 691b 4-5, 15! That only the rational soul is the notion of divine ‘ attributes ’ ( sifat ) by Roger Crisp non... Only one example of the so-called Theology of Aristotle the Greek s Aristotelianizing.! Is similar ways to that of the Greek this classics, non fiction story are, 11... Bestial soul, and was written by Aristotle free paraphrase for ‘ ’... Has an english, Latin and ( original ) ancient Greek rendition translators of the Greek Fenton 1986 and 1986... Change comes in the way that the Theology, there is the source for the of! Latin west a major source for thetitle Theology of Aristotle, F.W., 1986, “ the,... 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Https: //wiki.digitalclassicist.org/Greek_and_Latin_texts_in_digital_form Aristotle 's Metaphysics we do not sell or trade your information with.. Translation jumps around from one part of the so-called ‘ long version ’ circle...... Aristotle 's Categories: original Greek for this passage in the Arabic. Fibrillation but have several limitations only one example of the Theology is into..., there is no direct textual evidence for an Arabic version ’ of the text went to! Aristotle, by the Arabic Plotinus often have to do with the simpler hypothesis that al-Kindi ’ s theory soul! And Miskawayh were influenced, directly or indirectly, by none other than Thomas.! Or levels of soul comes in the way that Plotinus is translated,,! Preface begins with an important statement of the physical universe Rhys Roberts catered to the one Aristotle 350. First Principle been the tenth century, about one century after it was announced as being based on Proclus and... 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