But research shows that they have the highest sugar level. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. The French Prune Plume tree produces fruit that is ready for harvesting in late summer. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. The dark-red, mid-sized, rounded fruits are … This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. This list contains the names of fruits that are considered edible either raw or in some cuisines. Plum trees fall into two main categories, European types such as and Japanese types (blood plums). Their high sugar content means that these round fruits are excellent for making jellies, jams, and baked goods. This plum variety is a great all-rounder as it’s one of the most versatile types of black plum you can grow. Add to Cart Favourite Add to Collection Compare Print Download Email Share Tweet. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. These sweet plums have light orangey-amber flesh that covers a small pit. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. The ‘John W’ plum variety has deep red-purple colored skin that surrounds deep orange flesh. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. Before looking at the many varieties of plums and prunes, let’s look at some of the delicious plum hybrid fruits that are popular. Plum Variety Descriptions JAPANESE PLUMS Early Magic –The early magic ripens in mid-July.Fruit size is medium. The delicious fruit from our plum trees is ready for picking from late summer to early autumn, making them a great addition to any garden. If the plums are still hard and unripe, you can put them in a paper bag at room temperature to speed up the ripening time. Cutting open the soft skin reveals sweet amber flesh and a stone in the middle. These dark oval plums are medium to large size and are another popular variety for eating fresh. While most identify those that are red or purple, there are other types and varieties of plums as well. However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. These sweet plums have a wonderful balance between sweetness and tartness. Blood plums are a great eating fruit but also perfect for cooking. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. The ‘French Prune’ is a type of fresh plum that is perfect for drying to make prunes. Many consider greengage plums as the best plums to use in desserts. Sweet black plums are often dried to create prunes. This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. Following are some of the main types of Japanese plums that are dominating the commercial supply of plums. One of the most popular types of black Japanese plums is the ‘Black Ruby’ cultivar. Plum Tree Varieties Originally the two types could be identified as European Plum Trees and the Japanese and Blood Plums. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Another type of sweet black plum is the ‘El Dorado’ cultivar. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. Santa Rosa plums Blood plum Before looking at the many varieties of plums and Can you identify all the different types and However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. Bears around late December. Greengage plum trees blossom in spring, and the bumper crops are ready by late summer and early fall. ‘Black Splendor’ plums live up to their name—they have a fantastic sweet taste. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. Plums add subtle sweetness to salads and desserts, but their health benefits are the juiciest part of the package. You can also use them to make delectable jams, reductions, compotes, and a wide variety of alcohol. Plums are a type of stone fruit that can have oval or round shape. Typically, they are used in dishes such as plum tarts as they don’t fall apart when baked or cooked. ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Spanish to English 'Santa Rosa' is Plum Varieties Views: Price:0 Rose Zee is an early variety harvested just before Christmas. Some varieties have been bred to have double flowers with many more petals. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. The mention of plums can be found in ancient documents that date back to 479 B.C and were also domesticated by Chinese around the same time period. The plum is a fruit that many of us have tasted at one time or another. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. How do you use blood plum in a sentence? These delicious plums are best eaten fresh due to their juicy flesh. Even with its firm amber-colored flesh, this plum has a sweet flavor. As its name suggests, the elephant heart plum is a large, heart-shaped stone fruit. The ideal time to get Black Beauty at grocery markets is in a midseason (spring and fall). One of the beauties of ‘Black Splendor’ plums is that they are a large variety of plum that ripens early in the season. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. These plums ripen later in the season than ‘Owen T’ plums. There are many varieties of plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Just like any other plum, pluots can stay on the counter for three days and for one week in a refrigerator. Apart from growing small cherry-like plums, these plum trees are popular backyard ornamental types of fruit trees. Friar plums take time to mature as they are usually ripe three weeks after Black Ruby. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. The flesh is so soft and juicy that some say it’s almost like drinking juice. ‘Black Beauty’ plums have an excellent balance of sweetness with only hints of tartness. Some popular cultivars are ‘Blue Violet,’ ‘Shropshire Prune,’ Common Damson,’ and ‘Frogmore.’. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. Also known as Prunus domestica, this dry variety of plums boasts an oblong sort of shape and is often labeled as “fresh prunes” in the markets. Santa Rosa plums are suitable for many uses, including eating fresh or using in baked goods. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Check with your local extension office for recommendations for your area, as sometimes specific varieties are unable to pollinate each other. The plum trees can grow as small garden shrubs or small decorative fruit trees. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. Mid-season maturity. The most popular variety in the United States is the ‘Improved French Prune’ that makes some of the finest and sweetest prunes you can eat. Did you know that plums are probably the first type of fruit cultivated by humans? Japanese Blood Plum. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. Anthocyanins in the reddish-blue skin of some plum varieties may protect against cancer by What are synonyms for blood plum? This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. In addition to a terrific weight loss booster, red plums improve the heart’s health as well. Biting into these delicious stone fruits reveals a dark burgundy flesh that covers the large pit in the middle. It is believed that this type of fruit species was first cultivated in Syria and then in Rome; during the Crusades, the Romans introduced European plums to the Western part of Europe. Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. A medium-sized plum contains over 100 milligrams of potassium, which can help manage high blood pressure and reduce stroke risk. One of the benefits of growing friar plum fruit trees is that they have a long harvesting time. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. Myrobalan plum. Plum Trees For Sale Our plum trees for sale provide the highest quality fruits year upon year and are available in cooking and dessert plum varieties. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. ‘Black Beauty’ is another type of Japanese plum that has bright yellow flesh and dark, deep purple-red skin. Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises. Myrobalan plums are small round fruits that look like red or yellow cherries. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. According to the Clemson University Horticulture’s website, Black Ruby’s trees can easily tolerate the humid climate, which is why they are cultivated in the damp areas of southern and Mediterranean areas. Plum trees in this category come from Asian origins, rather than European, and tend to be a little more sprightly and less fully sweet. On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. Red plum varieties have bright red skin. Today, more than 2,000 varieties grow all over the world. Once dried-out, these tasty fruits retain its sweet flavor which is why they can be deliciously incorporated in different types of dry dishes. You can also use plucots in other scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum crumbles, etc. Pluots are a sweet, hybrid fruit with smooth reddish skin and yellowish flesh. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. Unlike many other varieties of plums, damsons are high in sugar with an astringent taste. This plum variety has been available in Australia for many years and PlantNet® now makes it available as a dwarf plum variety. Also known as lemon plums, yellow plums are relatively smaller and rounder variety of plums that possess both yellow skin and flesh. The most familiar and popular is Santa Rosa with its tart purple skin and sweet, juicy, amber flesh.with its tart purple skin and sweet, juicy, amber flesh. Green type of plum with a delicious honey-sweet taste. With a crisp and firm texture, these fruits are juicy and provide maximum quality of plumpness to the consumer. This juicy plum has reddish-black skin that surrounds yellow flesh. It is a redcolour with a sweet yellow flesh, fruit size is smallish compared to other plums but OK for its time slot. Greengage plum. Plum Health Benefits On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. It is also considered to be an “ancient domesticated species” and is widely cultivated in temperate regions. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. 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