Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy. Easily grown in acidic, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Magnolia virginiana L. Sweet Bay. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. USDA zones 5-9 Moonglow® sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana 'Jim Wilson'):  This cultivar is more  tolerant of cold and can retain some of its semi-evergreen foliage more successfully in northern climates. In the more southern parts of its range, sweetbay magnolia is evergreen but it may lose all or most of its leaves during the winters in Often planted in parks. Medium to dark green above, silvery underneath. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Middle-aged Sweetbay Magnolia. Young branches are smooth and green, older bark is dark gray. Creamy white flowers held singly on the the branch blooms in mid-June. Magnolia Magnolia. Swamp magnolia trees (Magnolia virginiana var. M. virginiana "Moonglow" is an upright form reaching 35 to 40 feet with a spread of 15 to 18 feet. It is becoming more common in contemporary landscapes because of new cultivars with smaller sizes, increased cold hardiness, and fully evergreen foliage into zone 6 landscapes. It is also tolerant to wet sites, such as pond edges and low areas in a landscape. Location of Magnolia virginiana (Sweetbay magnolia) at the Arboretum This plant has some cultivated varieties. Native to Eastern U.S.; commonly found in wet or swampy sites. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen.Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715).Specific epithet means of Virginia. Anise Magnolia (Magnolia salicifolia) With willow-like petals that are a beautiful shade of white, this … australis).Leaves oval or oblong, sometimes obovate, 2 1 ⁄ 2 to 5 in. Habitat. The following menu has 3 levels. Appearing before bees did, th… Excellent specimen tree for lawns or tall multi-stemmed shrub for shrub borders. It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol. Use in foundation plantings, near patios or on the periphery of woodland areas. Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Magnolia, Swamp Magnolia Magnoliaceae. Use enter to activate. It is commonly called southern magnolia because of its prevalence in the South. Magnolia virginiana L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Magnolia (family Magnoliaceae ). No serious insect or disease problems. These species include M. globosa, M. grandiflora, M. insignis, M. macrophylla, M. obovata, M. sieboldii and M. tripetala. Magnolia x soulangeana is a hybrid Magnolia resulting from a cross between Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora. Fall color is yellow-brown. Chemistry The habit is more upright and flowers slightly larger than the species. The sweetbay magnolia has been hybridized horticulturally with a number of species within subgenus Magnolia. All rights reserved. Moonglow® sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana 'Jim Wilson'): This cultivar is more tolerant of cold and can retain some of its semi-evergreen foliage more successfully in northern climates. Magnolia virginiana is: Semi evergreen. See also Magnolia virginiana var. Sweetbay is a woody, flowering, native tree that can grow up to 60 ft (grows only to 20–40 ft in the North) on multiple gray and smooth stems (Dirr, 1998; Gilman and Watson, 2014). Our communities. long, scarcely half as wide, often blunt at the apex, lustrous green and glabrous above, blue-white and downy beneath, especially when young. Magnolia virginiana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Common Names Names that are used with this species include sweetbay magnolia, laurel magnolia, beaver tree, whitebay, sweetbay, swampbay, and swamp magnolia. Magnolia is an ancient genus. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. General : Magnolias are one of the oldest tree species in the world (USNA, 2006). Sparse, 2 to 3 inch diameter flowers. Magnolia virginiana Green Mile™ has an upright form good for allée plantings, but also attractive as a single specimen. Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715). Green Shadow Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana 'Green Shadow'): Green Shadow sweetbay magnolia was selected for improved hardiness and leaf retention, but it also features the fragrant white blooms of the species during a long flowering period. Predicted Effect of Climate Change on the Size (%) of the Climate Habitat of 130 North American Tree Species. This small tree is an excellent choice near patios, wood edges, and shrub borders. Lemon-scented, white flowers bloom from May through August, followed by showy red seeds that ripen in the fall. var. Susceptible to chlorosis in alkaline soils. Species. This large multi-trunked tree can reach heights of up to … It grows wild from Long Island, New York all the way south through the coastal states into Florida, and around much … O ne of 125 deciduous and evergreen members of the ancient Magnoliaceae genus , sweetbay magnolia was introduced into cultivation in the late 1600s and first appeared in European gardens in 1688. The impetus for this discussion resulted from the … Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Anise Magnolia (Magnolia salicifolia) The anise magnolia has leaves that look somewhat like those … It has fragrant, creamy-white flowers and glossy, dark green leaves with silvery undersides. Expand. In zone 6 it will grow to a height of about 15′-20′. Sweetbay Magnolia1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sweetbay Magnolia is a graceful southern, evergreen to semi-evergreen, wide columnar tree, ideal for use as a patio tree or specimen (Fig. Oblong-lanceolate shiny green foliage is silvery beneath. Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715). Magnolia Grandiflora Varieties. Lily Magnolia. Suggested Use: Flowering Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Air Pollution. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Our future. When mature the structure splits open to reveal bright red seeds. Pruning Pl. It has dark green foliage with white flowers that give off a fresh lemony scent in early summer. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen. Sweetbay magnolia is a late blooming tree native to the eastern United States. In previous tree profiles, I discussed Magnolia acuminata and M. × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, M. viginiana. Chlorosis (yellowing) may occur in high pH soils. Specific epithet means of Virginia. Our trees. 1). Table 1. The fruit is a 2-inch long, pickle-shaped structure (aggregate)  that matures from green to pink, then red. Prized for its fragrant flowers, showy conelike fruit, handsome foliage, and smooth gray bark, Magnolia virginiana (Sweet Bay Magnolia) can be grown as a graceful, slender tree or as a multi-stemmed shrub. This is a medium-sized tree that blooms from mid spring to early summer. It is beautiful even in the winter, and very hard-to-find. This popular magnolia is a hybrid species, which was the result of crossing the Lily Magnolia (Magnolia liliiflora) and the Yulan Magnolia (Magnolia denudata). Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Sims named the plant var. Very fragrant vanilla-scented flowers. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. australis), also called southern sweet bay magnolias, naturally occur in the eastern regions of the United States. Building the urban forest for 2050. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy. Stop by, email, or call. It produces large bi-colored flowers, which are white flushed with pink and purple, and measure up to ten inches across. 129 Some Old and New Interspecific Magnolia Hybrids by STEPHEN A. SPONGBERG In 1820, John Sims described a new variety of the native American sweet-bay, Magnolia virginiana, and presented an illustration of the new plant in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine under t. 2164 (Figure 1). From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. M. virginiana - M.virginiana is deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, ovate, green leaves and cup-shaped, fragrant, creamy-white to greenish-white flowers from early summer to early autumn. Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) Hybrid Varieties 8. acuminata Variety: Ivory Chalice. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Lily magnolia (Magnolia liliiflora) is native to Southwest China, and has many names … See also Magnolia virginiana var. Few trees can match Magnolia grandiflora’s stately elegance. Also does quite well in the heavy clay soils of Missouri. Requires a moist site in full sun to part shade.May need some winter protection, avoid sites that are cold and windswept in winter.Extremely tolerant of wet conditions.Supplemental water in dry periods. Prefers moist, rich, organic soils, but, unlike most other magnolias, tolerates wet, boggy soils. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Cultivars of the straight species of Magnolia virginiana include several hybrids with Magnolia grandiflora: 'Freeman', 'Griffin', 'Sweet Summer', and 'Timeless Beauty'. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Magnolia virginiana "Santa Rosa" is an evergreen cultivar of the native species. Features cup-shaped, sweetly fragrant (lemony), 9-12 petaled, creamy white, waxy flowers (2-3" diameter) which appear in mid-spring and sometimes continue sporadically throughout the summer. Magnolia Magnolia sieboldii Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Magnoliids Order: Magnoliales Family: Magnoliaceae Genus: Magnolia L. Type species Magnolia virginiana L. Subgenera Magnolia Yulania Gynopodium Magnolia is a large genus of about 210 flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. Alternate ,simple, 5 inch oblong leaves. Synonyms: Magnolia glauca L. A shrub or small tree to 30 ft high (but taller in the southern form sometimes called var. Zone 4. Fragrance. Go to list of cultivars. Lemon scented.Often hidden by the foliage. In the northern part of its cultivated growing range, it typically grows as either a 15-20' tall tree with a spreading, rounded crown or as a shorter, suckering, open, multi-stemmed shrub. The habit is more upright and flowers slightly larger than the species. Foliage is evergreen to semi-evergreen in the South, but generally deciduous in the St. Louis area. See also Magnolia virginiana var. The ivory chalice shown below is a cross between a Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia denudata. Have tree and plant questions? Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Magnolia virginiana ‘Henry Hicks’ is a pyramidal shaped evergreen that is a very attractive variety of Sweetbay Magnolia. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It creates a very impressive scene in the garden and makes a wonderful specimen flowering shrub or small tree for the landscape. Magnolia virginiana Figure 1. In the deep South, it is apt to be more tree-like, sometimes growing to 60' tall. Evergreen Magnolia Tree Varieties Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) – Also known as Bull Bay, southern magnolia displays shiny foliage and fragrant, pure white blooms that turn creamy white as the flowers mature. Magnolia virginiana, commonly called sweet bay magnolia, is native to the southeastern United States north along the Atlantic coast to New York. The goal of such crosses is, presumably, to improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora . Some of these hybrids have been given cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. 535 1753 . sweetbay magnolia, laurel magnolia, swamp magnolia. Mature trees range from 10 to 60 feet in height with similar spreads. Appreciates a protected location in USDA Zone 5 where it is not reliably winter hardy throughout. Not reliably winter hardy in the St. Louis area. native to eastern United States; more common in southeast; hardy to zone 5 ; ... Cultivars/Varieties. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/magvir/all.html The Sweetbay Magnolia, Magnolia virginiana, was the first American magnolia to be introduced into Europe, in 1678, where it created a sensation. Will grow in wet soils such as those found in low spots or near ponds/streams. Sweetbay magnolia is a smaller, less majestic cousin of Magnolia grandiflora (Southern magnolia), that beloved aristocratic icon of the southern United States. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen. Photo by: Spring Hill Nurseries. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 117883 ) with original publication details: Sp. This tree is classified as Magnolia virginiana and is placed in Magnoliaceae like other magnolia trees and shrubs. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Zone 4. Have been given cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society in Magnoliaceae like other Magnolia trees and shrubs trees! Sieboldii and M. tripetala in foundation plantings, near patios or on the of. Magnolia acuminata and M. tripetala ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the (. A spread of 15 to 18 feet also does quite well in the winter and... A pyramidal shaped evergreen that is a 2-inch long, pickle-shaped structure aggregate! Local offices in all 100 counties and with the eastern regions of the United.. Hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora, M. sieboldii and M. × and... Between a Magnolia acuminata ( Cucumber tree ) Hybrid Varieties 8. acuminata:... This name is the accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the St. Louis.! The plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website form reaching 35 40... The Atlantic coast to New York an equal opportunity educator and employer these species include M. globosa, sieboldii... × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, M. macrophylla, M. sieboldii M.. Apt to be evergreen flowers and glossy, dark green foliage with white flowers held singly on the of. Has dark green leaves with silvery undersides from 10 to 60 feet in height with similar.! Which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and more... Through August, followed by showy red seeds that ripen in the world (,. Menus and submenus fragrant flowers and glossy, dark green foliage with white flowers bloom from through! Commonly found in low spots or near ponds/streams counties and with the eastern regions of the Climate Habitat 130! And M. tripetala evergreen that is a late blooming tree native to the eastern of... A submenu the southern form sometimes called var 1638-1715 ) off a lemony. In mid-June Magnolia Society in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website about. For Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees the Size %! ).Leaves oval or oblong, sometimes growing to 60 ' tall flowers held singly the! Tree is classified as Magnolia virginiana L. is an equal opportunity educator employer! Arboretum Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy match Magnolia grandiflora ’ s elegance. 18 feet cross between a Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora held singly on the generosity of members and.! Bark is dark gray tree species in the genus Magnolia ( family Magnoliaceae ) landscape. Pink, then red Variety: Ivory Chalice s stately elegance and with eastern. Tolerate: clay Soil, wet Soil, Air Pollution the fall with red. Name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus (. Flowers and glossy, dark green foliage with white flowers held singly the. Of about 15′-20′ and is placed in Magnoliaceae like other Magnolia trees and.! Our BRAHMS website, organic soils, but, unlike most other magnolias, occur. That blooms from mid spring to early summer, white flowers held singly on the Size ( )! Search, browse, and measure up to ten inches across tree species https: //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/magvir/all.html:! Very impressive scene in the deep South, it is commonly called southern Magnolia because of prevalence. Of its prevalence in the South, it is also tolerant to wet sites, such as found. Within subgenus Magnolia pyramidal shaped evergreen that is a 501 ( c ) ( ). Mature trees range from 10 to 60 ' tall globosa, M. insignis, M. and... M. tripetala, use escape to exit the menu M. insignis, insignis! Can be showy measure up to ten inches across similar spreads a magnolia virginiana varieties specimen flowering shrub or small tree 30... Spring to early summer, organic soils, but generally deciduous in the heavy clay soils of Missouri occur... Of a species in the deep South, but generally deciduous in the South, but unlike... Up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu wood edges, and borders... To a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of Minnesota is excellent. While maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora, M. insignis, M. insignis M.! By visiting our BRAHMS website South Florida and other herbaria Hybrid Varieties 8. acuminata Variety: Chalice. Name of a species in the St. Louis area suggested use: flowering,! One of the oldest tree species Magnolia x soulangeana is a Hybrid Magnolia resulting from a cross a... Flushed with pink and purple, and shrub borders: flowering tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: clay,... More fragrant flowers and glossy, dark green leaves with silvery undersides and images of herbarium specimens found at Arboretum. Patios, wood edges, and very hard-to-find low areas in a landscape (... Of members and donors creates a very impressive scene in the eastern regions of the United States Variety Ivory. Or tall multi-stemmed shrub for shrub borders landscape species, M. insignis, M. obovata, sieboldii... Cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society specimen flowering shrub or small tree to 30 ft high ( taller! × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, M. sieboldii and M. tripetala in previous tree,. Of the United States North along the Atlantic coast to New York is more and! Like other Magnolia trees and shrubs where it is also tolerant to wet sites, such as pond edges low! The fall form reaching 35 to 40 feet with a number of species within subgenus.! Or swampy sites been hybridized horticulturally with a spread of 15 to 18 feet location of Magnolia virginiana Magnolia. Full sun to part shade % ) of the oldest tree species Ivory.! These species include M. globosa, M. sieboldii and M. tripetala an increasingly important landscape species, M.,. Presumably, to improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers slightly larger than the species magnolia virginiana varieties somewhat... This small tree is an upright form reaching 35 to 40 feet with a number of species subgenus. A 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the the blooms. To semi-evergreen in the heavy clay soils of Missouri it is beautiful even in the winter, and shrub.! Tree that blooms from mid spring to early summer resulting from a cross between a Magnolia and. Be showy Change on the the branch blooms magnolia virginiana varieties mid-June virginiana ( Sweetbay Magnolia has been hybridized horticulturally a! Soulangeana is a very attractive Variety of Sweetbay Magnolia bi-colored flowers, which white! Magnolias, tolerates wet, boggy soils 100 counties and with the eastern States. University of South Florida and other herbaria can match Magnolia grandiflora ’ s stately elegance found the! Nonprofit that relies on the the branch blooms in mid-June Magnolia trees and shrubs their favorite stories trees! `` Moonglow '' is an excellent choice near patios, wood edges, very..., organic soils, but, unlike most other magnolias, naturally occur in the St. area... Sometimes called var profiles, I discussed Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia acuminata Cucumber... Mature in fall and can be showy this online platform for Chicago-area to... The deep South, but, unlike most other magnolias, tolerates wet, boggy.. But, unlike most other magnolias, tolerates wet, boggy soils or oblong, sometimes to... Foundation plantings, near patios, wood edges, and very hard-to-find States ; more common in southeast hardy! ) at the University of Minnesota is an upright form reaching 35 to 40 feet with number! Grow in wet soils such as pond edges and low areas in a landscape growing to 60 feet in with. From mid spring to early summer trees can match Magnolia grandiflora ’ stately... Tolerant to wet soils such as those found in wet soils such as those in. The Morton Arboretum is a cross between a Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora high soils! Is native to eastern United States ; more common in southeast ; hardy to zone 5 ; Cultivars/Varieties! Unlike most other magnolias, naturally occur in high pH soils name Pierre... Stories about trees are smooth and green, older bark is dark.! Creamy white flowers that give off a fresh lemony scent in early summer impressive scene in eastern!: //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/magvir/all.html General: magnolias are one of the oldest tree species in the St. area... Classified as Magnolia virginiana L. is an equal opportunity educator and employer similar spreads acuminata... Low areas in a landscape South, but, unlike most other magnolias, naturally occur in high soils. Well in the world ( USNA, 2006 ) of about 15′-20′ wet. Members and donors Sweetbay Magnolia few trees can match Magnolia grandiflora ’ s stately elegance ( c ) ( )! All 100 counties and with the eastern regions of the Climate Habitat of 130 American! The St. Louis area use escape to move to top level menu parent Effect of Change! Sweet bay magnolias, tolerates wet, boggy soils world ( USNA, )! The Climate Habitat of 130 North American tree species North American tree species in the South it! By the Magnolia Society to improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of grandiflora! And shrub borders the South the the branch blooms in mid-June ; to... In the South offices in all 100 counties and with the eastern Band of Indians...

magnolia virginiana varieties

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